Exodus 20

God spoke all these words.
(Some of which are often called "The Ten Commandments")

20:1-26, Cf. Dt 5:1-21

20:1 And God spake all these words, saying,

20:2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

God spake all these words
"These words" are generally considered to be The Ten Commandments. But the text doesn't call this un-numbered list "The Ten Commandments"; it only says that "these words" were spoken by God. (See Ex 34:28; Dt 4:13, 10:4 where the phrase "Ten Commandments" is actually used.)

20:3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
How many gods are there?

20:4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.

Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image.
Is it OK to make images?

Don't make a likeness of anything. (No drawing, painting, photography, sculptures, pottery, etc.)

20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

20:6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation.
Are we punished for the sins of others?

20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.

20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:

20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Is it necessary to keep the Sabbath?

20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

(20:11) In six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them.
Believers often say that the "days" of creation should be taken allegorically, but this verse is quite clear. God created the universe in six 24 hour days.

20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

(20:12-16) The (more or less) good commandments.
(The only ones Jesus seemed to know or care about.)

Honour thy father and thy mother.
How should parents be treated?
Is it OK to call your father (or anyone else) father?

20:13 Thou shalt not kill.

Thou shalt not kill.
To kill or not to kill

20:14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.

Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Is it wrong to commit adultery?

20:15 Thou shalt not steal.

Thou shalt not steal.
Is it wrong to steal?

20:16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Is it wrong to lie?

20:17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.

Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, ... nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.
To the God of the Bible, women and slaves (servants in the KJV) are the property of men; they are his possessions -- like an ox or an ass.
Is it OK to covet?
Does God approve of slavery?

20:18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.

The people saw thunder and lightning, the mountain smoking, and the noise of the trumpet.

20:19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.

They said to Moses, speak to us and we will hear. But don't let God speak to us or we will die.

20:20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.

Moses said, "Fear not." Or rather, fear God, so you won't sin.

20:21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

Moses came near the darkness where God was. God said to Moses, "Tell the people you talked to me from heaven."

20:22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven."

The LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.
Who gave the law to Moses?

20:23 Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.

God adds a few more rules.

20:24 An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.

20:25 And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.

20:26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

God tells the priests not to go up the steps to the altar "that thy nakedness not be discovered thereon." (Skirts on stairs are a problem.)