9. How many gods are there?
The Hebrew Scriptures sometimes claim that there is only one God, and sometimes that Yahweh is the greatest among many gods. Things get even more confusing in the New Testament, where Jesus and the Holy Ghost are also referred to as God. The concept of the “Holy Trinity” was created to address this contradiction, but the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost continue to divide Christians today.
There is only one god.
Unto thee it was shewed, that thou mightest know that the LORD he is God; there is none else beside him. Deuteronomy 4:35
There are several gods.In the book of Genesis, God used a plural pronoun to refer to himself (herself, itself, or themselves), implying that there is more than one god up there.
And God said, let us make man in our image. Genesis 1:26The Old Testament God is a “god of gods” who is worshiped by the other gods..
For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords. Deuteronomy 10:17No other god is like him.
Among the gods there is none like unto thee, O Lord. Psalm 86:8He is better than the other gods.
Who is like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods? Exodus 15:11The other gods will die someday.
The gods that have not made the heavens and the earth, even they shall perish from the earth, and from under these heavens. Jeremiah 10:11The Hebrew God judges the other gods.
And against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment. Exodus 12:12And will punish them.
I will punish the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods. Jeremiah 46:25He is a jealous God (whose name is Jealous). So he forbids us to “go after” or worship any of his competitors.
For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God. Exodus 34:14If you give God glory, he’ll go easy on you and all your other gods.
Ye shall give glory unto the God of Israel: peradventure he will lighten his hand from off you, and from off your gods. 1 Samuel 6:5But you must fear God more than all the other gods.
The Lord ... is to be feared above all gods. 1 Chronicles 16:25Don’t sacrfifice to any of the other gods. (Or God will kill you.)
He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed. Exodus 22:20Don’t put any of the other gods before him.
Thou shalt have none other gods before me. Deuteronomy 5:7Don’t make a covenant with them.
Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods. Exodus 23:32Don’t burn incense to them.
I will utter my judgments against them ... who have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other gods. Jeremiah 1:16Or even mention their names.
Make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth. Exodus 23:13Put away your father’s gods.
Fear the Lord ... and put away the gods which your fathers served. Joshua 24:14And stay away from the god named Chemosh.
Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess? Judges 11:24But don’t revile the other gods.
Thou shalt not revile the gods. Exodus 22:28Other people served other gods (as did Abraham’s father Terah).
Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor: and they served other gods. Joshua 24:2And a witch once saw gods going up to heaven.
And the king said unto her, Be not afraid: for what sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the earth. 1 Samuel 28:13Always remember that people are gods too. (Jesus used this when he was accused of making himself a god.)
I have said, Ye are gods. Psalm 82:6And the three gods in heaven are really only one god. (Don't worry about this one too much. It's a mystery.)
For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. 1 John 5:7