Exodus 34

Replacement Tablets
34:1-28
(Cf. Deuteronomy 10:1-5)

34:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest.

34:2 And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount.

(34:1) I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest.
Who wrote the ten commandments?

God tells Moses to cut some stone tablets to replace the ones that Moses broke when he saw the people dancing naked around Aaron's golden calf. God will write the same words that were on the broken tablets on the two new ones.

34:3 And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount.

(34:3) No man shall come up with thee.

In the morning, Moses must climb Mount Sinai, but he must come alone, without any people or animals.

34:4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone.

(34:4) He hewed two tables of stone ... and went up unto mount Sinai.
Where did Moses receive the ten commandments?

So Moses cuts two tablets that were like the first ones. Then, early the next morning, he carried the tablets up mount Sinai.

34:5 And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD.

(34:5-7)
The LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there.
When Moses got to the top of the mountain, God descended in a cloud and stood there with him, while making a little speech. He introduced himself to Moses, saying: "I am the Lord, the Lord God, merciful, gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth. I am merciful and forgiving, although I punish children for what their fathers did, even for what their great-great grandfathers did a hundred years before they were born."
Does God have a body?

34:6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,

(34:6) The Lord God, merciful
Is God merciful?

34:7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.

(34:7) Visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation
Are we punished for the sins of others?

34:8 And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped.

34:9 And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O LORD, let my LORD, I pray thee, go among us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance.

(34:8-9) Moses ... bowed his head toward the earth

Moses bowed down so low that his head touched the ground, and said, "please don't hurt us."

34:10 And he said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which thou art shall see the work of the LORD: for it is a terrible thing that I will do with thee.

(34:10) It is a terrible thing that I will do.

God said he'll make a deal with them. He'll do "terrible" things for them (like drive out neighboring tribes) if they'll obey the commandments that he gives them today.

34:11 Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.

34:12 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee:

(34:11) I drive out before thee the Amorite.

God promises to drive out the Amorites, Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and the Jebusites for the Israelites, if they'll follow the commandments that he gives them today.
How should the Canaanites be treated?

34:13 But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves:

(34:13-14) Ye shall destroy their altars.

God, whose name is Jealous, will not tolerate the worship of any other god.

34:14 For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God:

34:15 Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and one call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice;

(34:14a) Thou shalt worship no other god.
How many gods are there?

(34:14b) The LORD, whose name is Jealous
God's name is Jealous.
What is God's name?

34:16 And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods.

34:17 Thou shalt make thee no molten gods.

34:18 The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt.

34:19 All that openeth the matrix is mine; and every firstling among thy cattle, whether ox or sheep, that is male.

(34:15-16) Lest thou ... take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters
Will God destroy those that intermarry?

(34:16) Go a whoring
God always blames the women; they're alway going a whoring, then they make the men go a whoring too.

34:20 But the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb: and if thou redeem him not, then shalt thou break his neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And none shall appear before me empty.

(34:20) Then shalt thou break his neck.

Instead of sacrificing your firstborn son to God, you can substitute an ass or a lamb.

34:21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.

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34:22 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

(34:21) Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest.
Is it necessary to keep the sabbath?

34:23 Thrice in the year shall all your menchildren appear before the LORD God, the God of Israel.

34:24 For I will cast out the nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders: neither shall any man desire thy land, when thou shalt go up to appear before the LORD thy God thrice in the year.

34:25 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left unto the morning.

34:26 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring unto the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.

(34:23) All your menchildren

"Thrice in the year shall all your menchildren appear before the Lord." What about the "women children"? Does God ever want to see them?

34:27 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel.

(34:27) The LORD said unto Moses, Write thou these words.
Who wrote the ten commandments?

34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

(34:28) Forty days and forty nights
While Moses was up on mount Sinai with God, he went without food or water for 40 days and nights.

(34:28) And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments
This is set of commandments that God wrote to replace the ones that Moses broke a couple chapters ago.

The shining face of Moses
34:29-35

34:29 And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him.

34:30 And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him.

34:31 And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them.

(34:29) When Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables ... the skin of his face shone.

34:32 And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai.

(34:32) He gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai.
Where did Moses receive the ten commandments?

34:33 And till Moses had done speaking with them, he put a vail on his face.

34:34 But when Moses went in before the LORD to speak with him, he took the vail off, until he came out. And he came out, and spake unto the children of Israel that which he was commanded.

34:35 And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the vail upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him.

(34:33) He put a vail on his face.

His shining face frightened the people so much that he hid it behind a veil.