Deuteronomy 10

A New set of tablets
10:1-22, Cf. Ex 34:1-28

10:1 At that time the LORD said unto me, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first, and come up unto me into the mount, and make thee an ark of wood.

10:2 And I will write on the tables the words that were in the first tables which thou brakest, and thou shalt put them in the ark.

Moses continues his instructions to the Israelites, saying,
At that time, God said,
Hew some stone tablets like the first ones [1], make an ark, and climb the mountain.

I'll write the words that were on the tablets that you broke.

10:3 And I made an ark of shittim wood, and hewed two tables of stone like unto the first, and went up into the mount, having the two tables in mine hand.

So I made an ark of shittim wood [2], hewed two stone tablets just like the first ones, and went up on the mountain, carrying the tablets in my hand.

10:4 And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which the LORD spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave them unto me.

And God wrote the ten commandments on the tablets, like he did on the first tablets. [3]

10:5 And I turned myself and came down from the mount, and put the tables in the ark which I had made; and there they be, as the LORD commanded me.

Then I came down the mountain and put the tablets in the ark that I made.

And there they be.

10:6 And the children of Israel took their journey from Beeroth of the children of Jaakan to Mosera: there Aaron died, and there he was buried; and Eleazar his son ministered in the priest's office in his stead.

10:7 From thence they journeyed unto Gudgodah; and from Gudgodah to Jotbath, a land of rivers of waters.

10:8 At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to minister unto him, and to bless in his name, unto this day.

10:9 Wherefore Levi hath no part nor inheritance with his brethren; the LORD is his inheritance, according as the LORD thy God promised him.

Aaron died and was buried at Mosera. [4]

His son, Eleazar, replaced him as priest.

10:10 And I stayed in the mount, according to the first time, forty days and forty nights; and the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also, and the LORD would not destroy thee.

10:11 And the LORD said unto me, Arise, take thy journey before the people, that they may go in and possess the land, which I sware unto their fathers to give unto them.

And I stayed on the mountain for forty days and forty nights [5], just like I did the first time, asking God not to kill you all.

And God decided not to kill you.

He said to me,

Get up and go possess the land that I swore I'd give to your fathers.

10:12 And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul,

10:13 To keep the commandments of the LORD, and his statutes, which I command thee this day for thy good?

And now, Israel, what do God ask of you, but to fear him [6], walk in all his ways, love and serve him all your whole heart and soul, and keep his commandments that I'm giving you today?

10:14 Behold, the heaven and the heaven of heavens is the LORD's thy God, the earth also, with all that therein is.

Heaven and earth belong to God. [7]

10:15 Only the LORD had a delight in thy fathers to love them, and he chose their seed after them, even you above all people, as it is this day.

God took delight in your fathers and chose them and their seed above all other people.

10:16 Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked.

So circumcise the foreskin of your heart, and don't be stiffnecked anymore.

10:17 For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward:

10:18 He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.

God is a god of gods [8], a great god, mighty and terrible, who respects no one. [9]

10:19 Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Love strangers, because you used to be strangers. [10]

10:20 Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.

10:21 He is thy praise, and he is thy God, that hath done for thee these great and terrible things, which thine eyes have seen.

Fear God and swear in his name. [11]

10:22 Thy fathers went down into Egypt with threescore and ten persons; and now the LORD thy God hath made thee as the stars of heaven for multitude.

When your fathers left Egypt there were only seventy of them.

Now there are as many of you as there are stars in heaven.