At that time the LORD said unto me, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto
the first, and come up unto me into the mount, and make thee an ark of
And I will write on the tables the words that were in the first tables
which thou brakest, and thou shalt put them in the ark.
Moses continues his instructions to the Israelites, saying,
At that time, God said,
Hew some stone tablets like the first ones , make an ark, and climb the mountain.
I'll write the words that were on the tablets that you broke.
And I made an ark of shittim wood, and hewed two tables of stone like unto
the first, and went up into the mount, having the two tables in mine hand.
So I made an ark of shittim wood , hewed two stone tablets just like the first ones, and
went up on the mountain, carrying the tablets in my hand.
And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten
commandments, which the LORD spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of
the fire in the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave them unto me.
And God wrote the ten commandments on the tablets, like he did on the first tablets. 
And I turned myself and came down from the mount, and put the tables in
the ark which I had made; and there they be, as the LORD commanded me.
Then I came down the mountain and put the tablets in the ark that I made.
And there they be.
And the children of Israel took their journey from Beeroth of the children
of Jaakan to Mosera:
there Aaron died, and there he was buried; and Eleazar his son
ministered in the priest's office in his stead.
From thence they journeyed unto Gudgodah; and from Gudgodah to Jotbath, a
land of rivers of waters.
At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the
covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to minister unto him, and to
bless in his name, unto this day.
Wherefore Levi hath no part nor inheritance with his brethren; the LORD is
his inheritance, according as the LORD thy God promised him.
Aaron died and was buried at Mosera. 
His son, Eleazar, replaced him as priest.
And I stayed in the mount, according to the first time, forty days and
forty nights; and the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also, and the LORD
would not destroy thee.
And the LORD said unto me, Arise, take thy journey before the people, that
they may go in and possess the land, which I sware unto their fathers to
give unto them.
And I stayed on the mountain for forty days and forty nights ,
just like I did the first time, asking God not to kill you all.
And God decided not to kill you.
He said to me,
Get up and go possess the land that I swore I'd give to your fathers.
And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God,
to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to
serve the LORD thy God with
all thy heart and with all thy soul,
To keep the commandments of the LORD, and his statutes, which I command
thee this day for thy good?
And now, Israel, what do God ask of you, but to fear him , walk in all his ways, love
and serve him all your whole heart and soul, and keep his commandments that I'm giving you today?
Behold, the heaven and the heaven of heavens is the LORD's thy God, the
earth also, with all that therein is.
Heaven and earth belong to God. 
Only the LORD had a delight in thy fathers to love them, and he chose
their seed after them, even you above all people, as it is this day.
God took delight in your fathers and chose them and their seed above all other people.
the foreskin of your heart, and be
no more stiffnecked.
So circumcise the foreskin of your heart, and don't be stiffnecked anymore.
For the LORD your God
is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible,
which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward:
He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the
stranger, in giving him food and raiment.
God is a god of gods , a great god, mighty and terrible, who respects no one. 
Love ye therefore the
stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Love strangers, because you used to be strangers. 
Thou shalt fear the
LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.
He is thy praise, and he is thy God, that hath done for thee these great
and terrible things, which thine eyes have seen.
Fear God and swear in his name. 
Thy fathers went down into Egypt with threescore and ten persons; and now
the LORD thy God hath made thee as the stars of heaven for multitude.
When your fathers left Egypt there were only seventy of them.
Now there are as many of you as there are stars in heaven.
- Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first. (v.1)
Moses broke the original tablets in Ex 32:15-20
- And I made an ark of shittim wood. (v.3)
Who made the ark of the covenant?
- He wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments. (v.4)
Who wrote the (second set of) ten commandments?
- Mosera: there Aaron died. (v.6)
Where did Aaron die?
- I stayed in the mount, according to the first time, forty days and forty nights. (v.10)
Moses repeats the forty days and forty nights thing so often it's hard to know how many times he did it. At
least twice, though, I guess.
- Fear the LORD thy God. (vv.12, 20)
Should we fear God?
- Heaven ... is the LORD's thy God, the earth also. (v.14)
Who owns the earth?
- Your God is God of gods. (v.17)
How many gods are there?
- God ...regardeth not persons (v.17)
Does God respect anyone?
- Love ye therefore the stranger. (v.19)
After God instructs the Israelites
to mercilessly slaughter all the strangers that they encounter (Dt.7:2, 16), he tells them to
"love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt."
How should strangers be treated?
- Swear by his name. (v.20)
Is it okay to take oaths?
- Fear God.
- Fear the LORD thy God.10:12, 20
- Love God.
- "Love him. 10:12
- Serve God.
- 10:12, 20
- Walk in God's ways.
- Walk in all his ways. 10:12
- Obey all the commandments
- Keep the commandments of the LORD, and his statutes, which I command thee this day. 10:13
- Circumcise the foreskin of your heart.
- Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart. 10:16a
- Don't be stiffnecked.
- Be no more stiffnecked. 10:16b
- Love the stranger as yourself.
- Love ye therefore the stranger. 10:19
- Cleave to God.
- To him shalt thou cleave. 10:20
- Swear in God's name.
- Swear by his name. 10:20
- Slate Blogs the Bible by David Plotz
- Why Does Moses Keep Threatening the Israelites?