Matthew , Chapter 1


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Matthew 1

No one knows who wrote the gospel of Matthew. The author doesn't claim to be "Matthew," or anyone else, for that matter. It is an anomymous account, written between 80 and 100 CE. It was not written by an eyewitness, certainly not by a disciple of Jesus, as is implied by the title that was given to it by second century Christians.

The primary source for Matthew's gospel was the gospel of Mark, the first gospel to be written. Additional material was taken from "Q", a source for both Matthew and Luke, and from "special Matthew" or "M" as it is sometimes referred to by New Testament scholars.

(1:1-17) "The book of the generation of Jesus Christ"
The gospel of Matthew begins with a boring genealogy like that we are told to avoid in 1 Tim 1:4 ("Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies") and Titus 3:9 ("Avoid foolish questions and genealogies").

Although the genealogy is purportedly Jesus's ("The book of the generation of Jesus Christ"), it is actually that of Joseph, since the last begat is "Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary." This is strange since its purpose (if it has a purpose) is to show that Jesus is a descendant of David, and therefore meets one of the qualifications of being the Messiah. (2 Sam 7:12-13) But if the Holy Ghost is the one who got Mary pregnant (v.25, Luke 1:35), Jesus isn't David's "seed" and didn't "procede out of his bowels."

(1:3) "Judas begat Phares ... of Thamar." Judah "went in unto" his daughter-in-law, Tamar, who was disguised as a prostitute. She conceived and bore Pharez, an ancestor of Jesus. (Gen 38:2-29)

(1:6-16) "David the king begat Solomon." There are 28 generations listed from David to Jesus in Matthew's genealogy, while Luke's (3:23-31) has 43. Except for David at one end and Jesus at the other, only three names in the two lists that are the same.

(1:9) "Ozias begat Joatham." 1 Chr 3:11-12 lists three generations between Osiah and Jotham (Joash, Amaziah, and Azariah), but Matthew omits all three.

(1:18) "When ... Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost." After listing the genealogy of Jesus, Matthew tells us that Joseph was not Jesus' father after all, which of course makes the entire genealogy meaningless. The Holy Ghost, not Joseph, was the one who impregnated Mary, contradicting many scriptures which clearly state that Joseph was the father of Jesus.

(1:20) "That which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost."
According to Luke 1:35, Mary knew before she became pregnant that the Holy Ghost would "come upon" her. If so, then she must not have told Joseph, since in this verse he is told by an angel after Mary is already pregnant.

(1:23) "A virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel" The prophecy given in Is.7:14 referred not to a virgin but to a young woman, living at the time of the prophecy. And Jesus, of course, was called Jesus -- and is not called Emmanuel in any other verse in the New Testament.

(1:24-25) "Joseph ... knew her not till" Many Christians believe that Mary was always a virgin, but these verses imply that she and Joseph "came together" after the birth of Jesus, their "firstborn son."

1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
1:2 Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren;
1:3 And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;
1:4 And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon;
1:5 And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse;
1:6 And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias;
1:7 And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa;
1:8 And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias;
1:9 And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias;
1:10 And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias;
1:11 And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon:
1:12 And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel and Salathiel begat Zorobabel;
1:13 And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor;
1:14 And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud;
1:15 And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob;
1:16 And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
1:17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.
1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.
1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily.
1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
1:22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,
1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
1:24 Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife:
1:25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.:

(1:3) "Judas begat Phares ... of Thamar."
How many generations must a bastard wait until his offspring can enter the congregation of the Lord?

(1:6-16) "David the king begat Solomon."
The genealogy of Jesus
From which of David's sons was Jesus descended?
How many generations were there from David to Jesus?

(1:9) "Ozias begat Joatham."
(1:17) "From David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations."
Matthew vs. 1 Chronicles genealogies
How many generations from Jesus to Abraham?

(1:11) "Josias begat Jechonias."
Was Jeconiah the son or the grandson of Josiah?

(1:12) "Jechonias begat Salathiel and Salathiel begat Zorobabel."
Did Jeconiah have any children?
Who was Zerubbabel's father?

(1:16) "Jacob begat Joseph."
Matthew vs Luke genealogies of Jesus
Who was Jesus's paternal grandfather?

(1:18) "When ... Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost."
(1:25) "And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS."
Was Joseph the father of Jesus?

1:19) "Joseph ... being a just man."
Has there ever been a just person?

(1:21) "Thou shalt call his name JESUS."
(1:23) "They shall call his name Emmanuel"
What was Jesus H. Christ's real name?

Next Chapter

Jesus is Born
Dwindling in Unbelief
Jesus H. Christ: Does anyone know his name? (Matthew 1:21, 23)
Brucker's ASAB -- and was Jesus the (7th generation) son of a son of a bastard? 1:3-5

A sober look at Biblical problems
The genealogy in Matthew is too short

New Testament Contradictions: The Birth of Jesus Paul Carlson

Christian Response
The Annotated Skeptic's Annotated Bible
But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law (Matthew 1:1-17)
How say the scribes that Christ is the son of David? (Matthew 1:18-25)

Matthew 1:1
Matthew 1:3
The Genealogies in Matthew and Luke
Matthew 1:11 - Josiah and Jeconiah
Matthew 1:12 - The Father Of Zerubbabel
Matthew 1:18 - Joseph: Father of Jesus?
Matthew 1:23 - Isaiah 7:14 and the Sign of Emmanuel
Matthew 1:25 and the Virginity of Mary

SAB Author Answered
SAB Author Answered