Matthew Trivia Question:

Matthew 16

The Pharisees and Sadducees ask Jesus for a sign

16:1 The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven.

16:2 He answered and said unto them, When it is evening, ye say, It will be fair weather: for the sky is red.

16:3 And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowering. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times?

The Pharisees and Sadducees asked Jesus to show them a sign from heaven.

Jesus said to them,

In the evening you say, "It will be fair weather for the sky is red." And in the morning you say, "It will be foul weather today, for the sky is red and lowering." [1]

You hypocrites [2], you can read the sky, but not the signs of the times.

16:4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed.

There will be no sign given to it, except for the sign of Jonah. [3]
And he left and departed.
The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
16:5-12, Cf. Mk 8:14-21

16:5 And when his disciples were come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread.

When Jesus and his disciples came to the other side, they forgot to bring bread.

16:6 Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.

Jesus said them,
Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

16:7 And they reasoned among themselves, saying, It is because we have taken no bread.

The disciples said to one another,
He is angry with us for not bringing bread.

16:8 Which when Jesus perceived, he said unto them, O ye of little faith, why reason ye among yourselves, because ye have brought no bread?

Jesus was aware of their comments, and said
Oh you of little faith, why do you talk about having no bread.

16:9 Do ye not yet understand, neither remember the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets ye took up?

Do you still not understand?

Don't you remember the five loaves that fed five thousand [4], and the baskets that were left over?

16:10 Neither the seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many baskets ye took up?

Or the seven loaves that fed four thousand [5], and the baskets that were left over?

16:11 How is it that ye do not understand that I spake it not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees?

Why didn't you understand that I wasn't talking about bread, but that you should beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees?

16:12 Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.

Then the disciples understood that Jesus wasn't talking about the yeast in bread, but the yeast in the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees. [6]
Peter declares Jesus to be Christ (and becomes the first pope)
16:13-20, Cf. Mk 8:27-30, Lk 9:18-21

16:13 When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?

When Jesus came to Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples,
Who do people say I am?

16:14 And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

They said,
Some say you're John the Baptist, some say you're Elijah, others say your Jeremiah or one of the prophets. [7]

16:15 He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?

Jesus said,
But whom do you say that I am?

16:16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.

Peter said,
You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.

16:17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.

Jesus said,
Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, because no human has revealed this to you, but my Father in heaven. [8]

16:18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church. And the gates of hell will not prevail against it. [9]

16:19 And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

And I'll give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatsoever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatsover you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.

16:20 Then charged he his disciples that they should tell no man that he was Jesus the Christ.

Then Jesus told his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Christ. [10]
Jesus fortells his death and resurrection (and calls Peter "Satan")
16:21-26, Cf. Mk 8:31-38, Lk 9:22-25

16:21 From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.

From this time on, Jesus began to explain to his disciples how he must go to Jerusalem; suffer many things from the elders, priests, and scribes; be killed ; and raised again on the third day. [11]

16:22 Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord: this shall not be unto thee.

Then Peter took him aside and said,
Lord, this will not happen to you!

16:23 But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.

Jesus turned and said to Peter,
Get away from me, Satan! [12]

You offend me, because you value the things of men, not of God.

16:24 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.

Then Jesus said to his disciples,
If anyone wants to be my disciple, let him deny himself, carry his crosss, and follow me.

16:25 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it.

Whoever saves his life will lose it; and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. [13]

16:26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?

What does it profit a man to gain the whole world and lose his soul?

How much is your soul worth, anyway?

Jesus will come again soon (within the lifetime of some of his listeners)
16:27-28, Cf. Mk 9:1, Lk 9:26-27

16:27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.

The Son of man will come in the glory of the Father with his angels, and he will reward every man according to his works. [14]

16:28 Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom.

There are some standing here that will still be alive when they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom. [15]