Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a mighty man of valour, and he was the son
of an harlot: and Gilead begat Jephthah.||
And Gilead's wife bare him sons; and his wife's sons grew up, and they
thrust out Jephthah, and said unto him, Thou shalt not inherit in our
father's house; for thou art the son of a strange woman.||
Then Jephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob: and
there were gathered vain men to Jephthah, and went out with him.||
And it came to pass in process of time, that the children of Ammon made
war against Israel.||
And it was so, that when the children of Ammon made war against Israel,
the elders of Gilead went to fetch Jephthah out of the land of Tob:||
And they said unto Jephthah, Come, and be our captain, that we may fight
with the children of Ammon.||
And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, Did not ye hate me, and expel
me out of my father's house? and why are ye come unto me now when ye are in
And the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, Therefore we turn again to
thee now, that thou mayest go with us, and fight against the children of
Ammon, and be our head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.||
And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, If ye bring me home again to
fight against the children of Ammon, and the LORD deliver them before me,
shall I be your head?||
And the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, The LORD be witness between
us, if we do not so according to thy words.||
Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head
and captain over them: and Jephthah uttered all his words before the LORD in
And Jephthah sent messengers unto the king of the children of Ammon,
saying, What hast thou to do with me, that thou art come against me to fight
in my land?||
And the king of the children of Ammon answered unto the messengers of
Jephthah, Because Israel took away my land, when they came up out of Egypt,
from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and unto Jordan: now therefore restore those
lands again peaceably.||
And Jephthah sent messengers again unto the king of the children of Ammon:||
And said unto him, Thus saith Jephthah, Israel took not away the land of
Moab, nor the land of the children of Ammon:||
But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto
the Red sea, and came to Kadesh;||
Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray
thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken thereto.
And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not
consent: and Israel abode in Kadesh.||
Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of
Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab,
and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of
Moab: for Arnon was the border of Moab.||
And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of
Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy
land into my place.||
But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered
all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel.||
And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the
hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the
Amorites, the inhabitants of that country.||
(11:21) "God ... delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel,
and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites." (Numbers 21:21)
And they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto
Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan.||
So now the LORD God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites from before
his people Israel, and shouldest thou possess it?||
Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess?
So whomsoever the LORD our God shall drive out from before us, them will we
"Whomsoever the LORD our God shall drive out from before us, them will we possess."
"Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess?"
How many gods are there?
(11:29-33) The Ammonite Slaughter
When "the spirit of the Lord" comes upon Jephthah, he makes a deal with God: If God will help him kill the Ammonites, then he (Jephthah) will offer
to God as a burnt offering whatever comes out of his house to greet him. God keeps his end of the deal by providing
Jephthah with "a very great slaughter."
(11:29) "The Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he ... vowed a vow unto the Lord, and said,
If thou shalt ... deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands,"
(11:31) "Then ... whatsoever cometh forth
of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return ... shall surely be the LORD's,
and I will offer it up for a burnt offering."
(11:32-33) "The LORD delivered them into his hands ... And he smote them ... even twenty cities ... with a very great slaughter."
How should the Ammonites be treated?
God's 50th Killing
(11:34-39) Jephthah's daughter
When Jephthah returns, his nameless daughter comes out to greet him (who'd
he expect, his wife?). Well, a deal's a deal, so he delivers her to God as a burnt offering -- after letting her spend
a couple of months going up and down on the mountains bewailing her virginity.
Does God approve of human sacrifice?
What the Bible says about fathers,
parenting and human sacrifice
(11:34) "His daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances."
Is dancing a sin?
(11:35a) "He rent his clothes."
They rent their clothes.
(11:35b) "I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back."
(11:36) "She said unto him, My father, if thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath
proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies."
(11:37) "Let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows."
Strange Flesh: Jephthah's daughter
(11:39) "At the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her according to his vow which he had vowed:
and she knew no man."
God's 51st Killing
And now art thou any thing better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of
Moab? did he ever strive against Israel, or did he ever fight against them,
While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and her towns, and in Aroer and her towns,
and in all the cities that be along by the coasts of Arnon, three hundred
years? why therefore did ye not recover them within that time?
Wherefore I have not sinned against thee, but thou doest me wrong to war
against me: the LORD the Judge be judge this day between the children of
Israel and the children of Ammon.
Howbeit the king of the children of Ammon hearkened not unto the words of
Jephthah which he sent him.
Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and
passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over unto the children of Ammon.
And Jephthah vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou shalt without fail deliver the children
of Ammon into mine hands,
Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I
return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be the LORD's, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.
So Jephthah passed over unto the children of Ammon to fight against them;
and the LORD delivered them into his hands.
And he smote them from Aroer, even till thou come to Minnith, even twenty cities, and unto the
plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued
before the children of Israel.
And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him
with timbrels and with dances: and she was his only child; beside her he
had neither son nor daughter.
And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said,
Alas, my daughter! thou hast brought me very low, and thou art one of them
that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto the LORD, and I cannot go back.
And she said unto him,
My father, if thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according
to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath
taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, even of the children of
And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months,
that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and
And he said, Go. And he sent her away for two months: and she went with
her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains.
And it came to pass at
the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did
with her according to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no
man. And it was a custom in Israel,
That the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of
Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.