And Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him.
32:1-2) "Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. And when Jacob saw them, he said, This is God's host."
32:2And when Jacob saw them, he said, This is God's host: and he called the
name of that place Mahanaim.
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of
Seir, the country of Edom.
And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall ye speak unto my lord Esau; Thy
servant Jacob saith thus, I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed there
And I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and womenservants:
and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight.
And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to thy brother Esau,
and also he cometh to meet thee, and four hundred men with him.
Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: and he divided the people
that was with him, and the flocks, and herds, and the camels, into two
(32:7, 15) Camels
Domesticated camels didn't exist
at the time Jacob supposedly lived.
And said, If Esau come to the one company, and smite it, then the other
company which is left shall escape.
And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac,
the LORD which saidst unto me, Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred,
and I will deal well with thee:
I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth,
which thou hast shewed unto thy servant; for with my staff I passed over
this Jordan; and now I am become two bands.
Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of
Esau: for I fear him, lest he will come and smite me, and the mother with
And thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, and make thy seed as the sand
of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.
And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his
hand a present for Esau his brother;
Two hundred she goats, and twenty he goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty
Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, and ten bulls, twenty
she asses, and ten foals.
And he delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by
themselves; and said unto his servants, Pass over before me, and put a space
betwixt drove and drove.
(32:22) "He ... took his two wives, and his two womenservants."
Jacob has two wives and two concubines,
continuing the biblical tradition of polygamy. Is polygamy OK?
God changes Jacob's name to Israel to signify that he wrestled with God and won.
(32:24) "Jacob ... wrestled a man ... until the breaking of the day."
(32:25) "And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh;
and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint."
Unable to beat Jacob in a fair fight, God dislocates Jacob's leg. (Or did God grab Jacob's testicles, since
"thigh" is a biblical euphemism for "testicles"?)
(32:26) "Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me."
God begs Jacobs to let him go, but Jacob says, "Not unless you bless me." So God blessed Jacob and Jacob let God go.
(32:28) "Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou
power with God and with men, and hast prevailed."
God renames Jacob for the first time. (See 35:10 for the second
renaming). God says that Jacob will henceforth be called Israel, but the Bible
continues to call him Jacob anyway. And even God himself calls him Jacob in 46:2.
(32:29) "Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name. And he said,
Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there."
God refuses to tell Jacob his name. (It's a secret.)
(32:32) "Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew."
Jews don't eat the sinew of something or other because God messed with Jacob's leg while wrestling with him.
(Now that's a good reason!)
And he commanded the foremost, saying, When Esau my brother meeteth thee,
and asketh thee, saying, Whose art thou? and whither goest thou? and whose
are these before thee?
Then thou shalt say, They be thy servant Jacob's; it is a present sent
unto my lord Esau: and, behold, also he is behind us.
And so commanded he the second, and the third, and all that followed the
droves, saying, On this manner shall ye speak unto Esau, when ye find him.
And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us. For he said,
I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I
will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me.
So went the present over before him: and himself lodged that night in the
32:22And he rose up that night, and took his
two wives, and his two womenservants, and his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Jabbok.
And he took them, and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had.
And Jacob was left
alone; and there wrestled
a man with him until the breaking of the day.
32:25And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow
of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he
wrestled with him.
32:26And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let
thee go, except thou bless me.
And he said unto him, What is thy name? And he said, Jacob.
And he said, Thy name
shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and
with men, and hast prevailed.
And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name. And he
said, Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there.
32:30And Jacob called the
name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life
And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his
32:32Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew which shrank, which
is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the
hollow of Jacob's thigh in the sinew that shrank.