Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian,
whose name was Hagar.
And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I
pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram
hearkened to the voice of Sarai.
And Sarai ... gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.
And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived. Genesis 16:1-4
But unto the sons of the concubines, which Abraham had.... Genesis 25:6
Esau ... took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath the
daughter of Elon the Hittite. Genesis 26:34
Esau .. took ... Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael ... to be his wife. Genesis 28:9
Then Jacob rose up, and set ... his wives upon camels. Genesis 31:17
He [Jacob] ... took his two wives, and his two womenservants. Genesis 32:22
And Gideon had threescore and ten sons of his body begotten: for he had many wives.
Elkanah ... had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other
Peninnah. 1 Samuel 1:1-2
Solomon ... had seven hundred wives ... and three hundred concubines.
1 Kings 11:2-3
Even Jesus (sometimes) seemed OK with polygamy. The parable of the ten virgins, for example involved a man and his
Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went
forth to meet the bridegroom. Matthew 25:1
No, the Bible disapproves of polygamy
God created only one woman to be Adam's help meet. This seems to imply that
God intended marriage to involve one man and one woman.
The LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs,
and closed up the flesh instead thereof; And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man,
made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and
flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.Therefore shall a
man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
Jesus seems to agree with this passage, saying that a man and a woman become "one flesh" in marrige, as it
was in "the begining."
Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them
male and female, And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and
mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh?
Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. Matthew 19:4-5
And although it's OK for a king to have more than one wife, he shouldn't have too many. (Although how many
is too many is not specified.)