1 Kings 11

Solomon's strange wives and concubines
11:1-13

11:1 But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites:

11:2 Of the nations concerning which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love.

Solomon loved many strange women.
(God didn't mind the number so much; it was their "strangeness" that he objected to.)

The daughter of Pharaoh, Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites.

God previously had said, "Don't have sex with non-believers. If you do, you'll believe in their gods." [1]

Nevertheless, Solomon clave to these women in love.

11:3 And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart.

Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines. [2]

Is polygamy OK?
What the Bible says about polygamy

11:4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father.

When Solomon was old, his wives turned his heart toward other gods. [3]

His heart wasn't perfect anymore, like his David's was. [4]

11:5 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites.

He worshipped Ashtoresth, the goddess of the Zonians, and Milcom, the abomination of the Ammonites.

11:6 And Solomon did evil in the sight of the LORD, and went not fully after the LORD, as did David his father.

He did evil in God's sight, and didn't copletely obey God in all things, as his father David did.

11:7 Then did Solomon build an high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, in the hill that is before Jerusalem, and for Molech, the abomination of the children of Ammon.

He built high places for Chemosh and Molech, abominations of Moab and Ammon, respectively.

11:8 And likewise did he for all his strange wives, which burnt incense and sacrificed unto their gods.

He did likewise for all of his strange wives, burning incense and sacrficing to their gods.

11:9 And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice,

11:10 And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which the LORD commanded.

God, who appeared to Abraham twice [5], was angry with Solomon.

11:11 Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant.

11:12 Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father's sake: but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son.

11:13 Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake which I have chosen.

God was angry with Solomon, but decided to punish Solomon's son rather than Solomon himself, because he liked Solomon's father (David) so darned much.

Are we punished for the sins of others?

God stirred up two adversaries to Solomon, Hadad and Rezon
11:14-25

11:14 And the LORD stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

To punish Solomon for his strange wives and strange gods, God "stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite."

11:15 For it came to pass, when David was in Edom, and Joab the captain of the host was gone up to bury the slain, after he had smitten every male in Edom;

11:16 (For six months did Joab remain there with all Israel, until he had cut off every male in Edom:)

When David was king, his captain, Joab, killed every male in Edom.

11:17 That Hadad fled, he and certain Edomites of his father's servants with him, to go into Egypt; Hadad being yet a little child.

Except for Hadad, apparently. He managed to get away somehow when he was a little boy.

11:18 And they arose out of Midian, and came to Paran: and they took men with them out of Paran, and they came to Egypt, unto Pharaoh king of Egypt; which gave him an house, and appointed him victuals, and gave him land.

Hadad was taken by Midianites to Egypt, where he found favor with the Pharaoh.

11:19 And Hadad found great favour in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him to wife the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen.

He was given a wife who was the queen's sister.

11:20 And the sister of Tahpenes bare him Genubath his son, whom Tahpenes weaned in Pharaoh's house: and Genubath was in Pharaoh's household among the sons of Pharaoh.

Hadad and his wife had a son named Genubath that was raised in Pharaoh's house.

11:21 And when Hadad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the captain of the host was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, Let me depart, that I may go to mine own country.

When Hadad heard that David and Joab had died, he said to Pharaoh, "Let me return to Edom."

11:22 Then Pharaoh said unto him, But what hast thou lacked with me, that, behold, thou seekest to go to thine own country? And he answered, Nothing: howbeit let me go in any wise.

Pharaoh asked, "Why? What haven't I given to you?"

Hadad replied, "Nothing. But let me go anyway." [6]

11:23 And God stirred him up another adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah:

God stirred up another adversary to Solomon: Rezon the son of Eladah.

11:24 And he gathered men unto him, and became captain over a band, when David slew them of Zobah: and they went to Damascus, and dwelt therein, and reigned in Damascus.

Rezon and his men when to Damascus, where he reigned.

11:25 And he was an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon, beside the mischief that Hadad did: and he abhorred Israel, and reigned over Syria.

He was an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon. [7]

God gives ten tribes to Jeroboam
11:26-40

11:26 And Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephrathite of Zereda, Solomon's servant, whose mother's name was Zeruah, a widow woman, even he lifted up his hand against the king.

11:27 And this was the cause that he lifted up his hand against the king: Solomon built Millo, and repaired the breaches of the city of David his father.

11:28 And the man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valour: and Solomon seeing the young man that he was industrious, he made him ruler over all the charge of the house of Joseph.

Jeroboam was a mighty man of valor who served king Solomon.

11:29 And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field:

11:30 And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces:

One day, when Jeroboam was leaving Jerusalem, the prophet Adijah grabbed his garment and tore it into twelve pieces.

11:31 And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee:

Ahijah said to Jeroboam: Take ten pieces, because God says:

I will tear Solomon's kingdom apart and give ten tribes to you.

11:32 (But he shall have one tribe for my servant David's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:)

(But I'll give one tribe to Solomon for David and Jerusalem's sake.)

11:33 Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep my statutes and my judgments, as did David his father.

Because they have forsaken me and have worshipped Ashtoreth, Chemosh, and Milcom, and they've not walked in my ways, as David did.

11:34 Howbeit I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand: but I will make him prince all the days of his life for David my servant's sake, whom I chose, because he kept my commandments and my statutes:

However, I won't take the whole kingdom out of Solomon's hand, but will make him prince for David's sake, because David kept my commandments and statutes.

11:35 But I will take the kingdom out of his son's hand, and will give it unto thee, even ten tribes.

So, like I said before, I'm going to take the kingdom out of Solomon's hand and give it to you -- well, ten tribes, anyway.

11:36 And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there.

I'll give Solomon one tribe, so David will always have a light before me in Jerusalem, my favorite city, and put my name there.

11:37 And I will take thee, and thou shalt reign according to all that thy soul desireth, and shalt be king over Israel.

And you will rule according to all that my soul desires, and will be king over Israel.

11:38 And it shall be, if thou wilt hearken unto all that I command thee, and wilt walk in my ways, and do that is right in my sight, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as David my servant did; that I will be with thee, and build thee a sure house, as I built for David, and will give Israel unto thee.

If you will do whatever I say, as David did, then I'll be with you, build you a house like the one I built for David, and give Israel to you.

11:39 And I will for this afflict the seed of David, but not for ever.

And I'll afflict the seed of David for a while, but not forever.

11:40 Solomon sought therefore to kill Jeroboam. And Jeroboam arose, and fled into Egypt, unto Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon.

I guess Solomon must have overheard what Ahijah's said that God said to Jeroboam, because Solomon decided to kill Jeroboam.

But Jeroboam did what biblical people do when they think they're going to be killed. He fled to Egypt and waited for Solomon to die.

Solomon dies
11:41-43

11:41 And the rest of the acts of Solomon, and all that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon?

For further details about Solomon's life and acts, see the book of the acts of Solomon. Everything he ever did, and all of his wisdom, is written there.

11:42 And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.

Solomon served the standard forty year term as king.

11:43 And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.

Then he died and Rehoboam his (only?) son became king.