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1 Samuel 1
(1:2) "He [Samuel's father] had two wives."
Is polygamy OK?
What the Bible says about polygamy
(1:5) "The Lord had shut up her [Hannah's] womb."
Samuel is born
Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his
name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the
son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:
And he had two wives;
the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and
Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.
And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice
unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and
Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.
And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife,
and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:
But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her
And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because
the LORD had shut up her womb.
And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD,
so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.||
Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why
eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee than
So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had
drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the
And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept
And she vowed a vow,
and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of
thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a
man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there
shall no razor come upon his head.||
(1:11) "No razor come upon his head."|
Hannah vows to give her son to the Lord and,
as a sign of his holiness, to never cut his hair.
Is it OK for men to have long hair?
And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli
marked her mouth.||
Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was
not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.||
And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine
And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful
spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my
soul before the LORD.||
Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the
abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.||
Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee
thy petition that thou hast asked of him.||
And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman
went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.||
And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and
returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his
wife; and the LORD remembered
(1:19-20) "And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and
the Lord remembered her."|
(He probably said something like, "Oh yeah, she's
the one whose womb I shut up.") And Hannah conceived and "bare a son
[Oh boy, another boy!], and called his name Samuel."
Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had
conceived, that she bare a
son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the
And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the
yearly sacrifice, and his vow.
But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up
until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear
before the LORD, and there abide for ever.
And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good; tarry
until thou have weaned him; only the LORD establish his word. So the woman
abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned him.||
And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three
bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto
the house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child was young.||
And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli.||
And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that
stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD.||
For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I
asked of him:||
Therefore also I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall
be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.||
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