Abraham feeds God and three men.
And the LORD appeared
unto him in the plains of Mamre
: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;
And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and
when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,
And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away,
I pray thee, from thy servant:
(18:1-8) The LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre
Abraham hangs out for a while with God and three angels. He washes their feet and feeds them some angelfood cake, along with
butter, meat, and milk. (Not a very kosher meal
for God and Abraham to eat!)
Can God be seen?
(18:2) And, lo, three men stood by him.
Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest
yourselves under the tree:
And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that
ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said,
So do, as thou hast said.
(18:4) Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet.
And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready
quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the
And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf tender and good, and gave
it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.
(18:6) Abraham hastened ... unto Sarah, and said ... make cakes upon the hearth.
And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set
it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.
(18:8) He took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed ... and they did eat.
And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in
And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of
life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the
tent door, which was behind him.
Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the
manner of women.
Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have
pleasure, my lord being old also?
And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a
child, which am old?
(18:10-15) Sarah laughed.
Sarah, who is about 90 years old and has gone through menopause, laughs at God when he tells her that she will have a
son. She asks God if she will "have pleasure" with her "lord" [Abraham], when both are so very old. God assures her that
he will return and impregnate her at the appointed time.
Did Sarah have faith that she would conceive?
(18:10) Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard it.
(18:11) Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.
(18:12) Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?
(18:13) And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh.
Is any thing too hard
for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to
the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.
Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst
(18:14) Is any thing too hard for the LORD?
... I will return unto thee ... and Sarah shall have a son.
Can God do anything?
(18:15) Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh.
God wonders if he should tell Abraham about Sodom.
And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went
with them to bring them on the way.
And the LORD said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do;
Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed
For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after
him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment;
that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and
because their sin is very grievous;
Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do?
God, who is planning another mass murder, is
worried that Abraham might try to stop him. so he asks himself if he should hide
his intentions from Abraham.
Does God know everything?
I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it,
which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.
And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before
Abraham tries to talk God out of killing everyone in Sodom.
And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?
Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also
destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?
That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with
the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from
thee: Shall not the
Judge of all the earth do right?
And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city,
then I will spare all the place for their sakes.
And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak
unto the LORD, which am but dust and ashes:
Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou
destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, If I find there forty
and five, I will not destroy it.
And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be
forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for forty's sake.
And he said unto him, Oh let not the LORD be angry, and I will speak:
Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do
it, if I find thirty there.
And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the LORD:
Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not
destroy it for twenty's sake.
Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?
Abraham begs God not to kill everyone in
Sodom and Gomorrah. [Which is odd, since later (Gen.22:2-10)
Abraham doesn't even question God's request that he kill his own son.] He asks God two good questions: "Wilt thou destroy the
righteous with the wicked?" and "Shall not the Judge of all the earth
do right?" (The answers are "yes" and "no", respectively.)
(18:25) Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?
And he said, Oh let not the LORD be angry, and I will speak yet but this
once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy
it for ten's sake.
And the LORD went his
way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned
unto his place.