< Surah 20:37-76


Surah 20


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Absurdity Intolerance Injustice Cruelty Science and History 20:37-41

37 And indeed, another time, already We have shown thee favour,

38 When we inspired in thy mother that which is inspired,

Allah said to Moses,

Another time we were inspired by your mother, who was also inspired.

39 Saying: Throw him into the ark, and throw it into the river, then the river shall throw it on to the bank, and there an enemy to Me and an enemy to him shall take him. And I endued thee with love from Me that thou mightest be trained according to My will,

She said,

Throw him in an ark, and throw it into the river, [1]

so that my enemy and his enemy will take him.

40 When thy sister went and said: Shall I show you one who will nurse him? and we restored thee to thy mother that her eyes might be refreshed and might not sorrow. And thou didst kill a man and We delivered thee from great distress, and tried thee with a heavy trial. And thou didst tarry years among the folk of Midian. Then camest thou (hither) by (My) providence, O Moses,

41 And I have attached thee to Myself.

Your sister said,

Should I show you who will nurse him?

And we returned you to your mother.

Then you killed a man and lived for years in Midian. [2]

Now you've come here and I've attached myself to you.

42 Go, thou and thy brother, with My tokens, and be not faint in remembrance of Me.

43 Go, both of you, unto Pharaoh. Lo! he hath transgressed (the bounds).

Go now with your brother and my tokens to visit Pharaoh. [3]

44 And speak unto him a gentle word, that peradventure he may heed or fear.

45 They said: Our Lord! Lo! we fear that he may be beforehand with us or that he may play the tyrant.

46 He said: Fear not. Lo! I am with you twain, Hearing and Seeing.

Speak a gentle word to him,

so that maybe he'll obey or fear.

47 So go ye unto him and say: Lo! we are two messengers of thy Lord. So let the children of Israel go with us, and torment them not. We bring thee a token from thy Lord. And peace will be for him who followeth right guidance.

48 Lo! it hath been revealed unto us that the doom will be for him who denieth and turneth away.

49 (Pharaoh) said: Who then is the Lord of you twain, O Moses?

50 He said: Our Lord is He Who gave unto everything its nature, then guided it aright.

51 He said: What then is the state of the generations of old?

52 He said: The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a Record. My Lord neither erreth nor forgetteth,

53 Who hath appointed the earth as a bed and hath threaded roads for you therein and hath sent down water from the sky and thereby We have brought forth divers kinds of vegetation,

54 (Saying): Eat ye and feed your cattle. Lo! herein verily are portents for men of thought.

55 Thereof We created you, and thereunto We return you, and thence We bring you forth a second time.

Say this to him,

We are messengers from your Lord.

Let the children of Israel go.

We bring a token from your Lord.

You are doomed if you deny and turn away.

56 And We verily did show him all Our tokens, but he denied them and refused.

57 He said: Hast come to drive us out from our land by thy magic, O Moses?

58 But we surely can produce for thee magic the like thereof; so appoint a tryst between us and you, which neither we nor thou shall fail to keep, at a place convenient (to us both).

59 (Moses) said: Your tryst shall be the day of the feast, and let the people assemble when the sun hath risen high.

60 Then Pharaoh went and gathered his strength, then came (to the appointed tryst).

61 Moses said unto them: Woe unto you! Invent not a lie against Allah, lest He extirpate you by some punishment. He who lieth faileth miserably.

62 Then they debated one with another what they must do, and they kept their counsel secret.

63 They said: Lo! these are two wizards who would drive you out from your country by their magic, and destroy your best traditions;

64 So arrange your plan, and come in battle line. Whoso is uppermost this day will be indeed successful.

65 They said: O Moses! Either throw first, or let us be the first to throw?

We showed him all our tokens,

but he denied them and refused to believe.

He said,

Are you trying to drive us away from our land with magic, Oh Moses?

Moses said,

Okay. Let's have a magic contest. [4]

66 He said: Nay, do ye throw! Then lo! their cords and their staves, by their magic, appeared to him as though they ran.

67 And Moses conceived a fear in his mind.

The Pharaoh's wizards threw down their staves, and the staves appeared to run.

Moses was afraid.

68 We said: Fear not! Lo! thou art the higher.

69 Throw that which is in thy right hand! It will eat up that which they have made. Lo! that which they have made is but a wizard's artifice, and a wizard shall not be successful to whatever point (of skill) he may attain.

We [Allah] said,

Don't be afraid.

Throw yours down and it will eat theirs.

70 Then the wizards were (all) flung down prostrate, crying: We believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses.

Then the wizards fell down, crying:

We believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses.

71 (Pharaoh) said: Ye put faith in him before I give you leave. Lo! he is your chief who taught you magic. Now surely I shall cut off your hands and your feet alternately, and I shall crucify you on the trunks of palm trees, and ye shall know for certain which of us hath sterner and more lasting punishment.

The Pharaoh said to them,

I'll cut off your hands and feet on alternate sides,

and then crucify you on the trunks of palm trees. [5]

72 They said: We choose thee not above the clear proofs that have come unto us, and above Him Who created us. So decree what thou wilt decree. Thou wilt end for us only this life of the world.

73 Lo! we believe in our Lord, that He may forgive us our sins and the magic unto which thou didst force us. Allah is better and more lasting.

The wizards said,

Okay. Go ahead and do that.

Allah's magic is better.

74 Lo! whoso cometh guilty unto his Lord, verily for him is hell. There he will neither die nor live.

75 But whoso cometh unto Him a believer, having done good works, for such are the high stations;

76 Gardens of Eden underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever. That is the reward of him who groweth.

Those who are guilty will go to hell,

where they neither die nor live.

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