0 SAB 2 Chronicles 32

Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred and threescore and six talents of gold. 9:13

Trivia: Who was advised to say that his little finger would be thicker than his father's loins?

2 Chronicles


The king of Assyria invades Judah and insults its god

1 After these things, and the establishment thereof, Sennacherib king of Assyria came, and entered into Judah, and encamped against the fenced cities, and thought to win them for himself.

2 And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib was come, and that he was purposed to fight against Jerusalem,

3 He took counsel with his princes and his mighty men to stop the waters of the fountains which were without the city: and they did help him.

4 So there was gathered much people together, who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran through the midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and find much water?

5 Also he strengthened himself, and built up all the wall that was broken, and raised it up to the towers, and another wall without, and repaired Millo in the city of David, and made darts and shields in abundance.

When Sennacherib, the king of Assyria, attacked Judah, Hezekiah asked his counselors what to do.

6 And he set captains of war over the people, and gathered them together to him in the street of the gate of the city, and spake comfortably to them, saying,

Then Hezekiah said to the people,

7 Be strong and courageous, be not afraid nor dismayed for the king of Assyria, nor for all the multitude that is with him: for there be more with us than with him:

Be strong.

Don't be afraid of the king of Assyria.

8 With him is an arm of flesh; but with us is the LORD our God to help us, and to fight our battles. And the people rested themselves upon the words of Hezekiah king of Judah.

Sennacherib has an arm of flesh. But God is with us.

He will help us fight against them.

9 After this did Sennacherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem, (but he himself laid siege against Lachish, and all his power with him,) unto Hezekiah king of Judah, and unto all Judah that were at Jerusalem, saying,

10 Thus saith Sennacherib king of Assyria, Whereon do ye trust, that ye abide in the siege in Jerusalem?

Sennacherib sent messengers to Hezekiah who said to him and the people of Judah,
Who do you trust?

11 Doth not Hezekiah persuade you to give over yourselves to die by famine and by thirst, saying, The LORD our God shall deliver us out of the hand of the king of Assyria?

12 Hath not the same Hezekiah taken away his high places and his altars, and commanded Judah and Jerusalem, saying, Ye shall worship before one altar, and burn incense upon it?

Hezekiah tells you to die by famine and thirst, saying,
God will save us from the king of Assyria.

13 Know ye not what I and my fathers have done unto all the people of other lands? were the gods of the nations of those lands any ways able to deliver their lands out of mine hand?

Look what I've done to the people of other lands.

Were their gods able to save them?

14 Who was there among all the gods of those nations that my fathers utterly destroyed, that could deliver his people out of mine hand, that your God should be able to deliver you out of mine hand?

Will your god be able to do better than theirs?

15 Now therefore let not Hezekiah deceive you, nor persuade you on this manner, neither yet believe him: for no god of any nation or kingdom was able to deliver his people out of mine hand, and out of the hand of my fathers: how much less shall your God deliver you out of mine hand?

16 And his servants spake yet more against the LORD God, and against his servant Hezekiah.

17 He wrote also letters to rail on the LORD God of Israel, and to speak against him, saying, As the gods of the nations of other lands have not delivered their people out of mine hand, so shall not the God of Hezekiah deliver his people out of mine hand.

18 Then they cried with a loud voice in the Jews' speech unto the people of Jerusalem that were on the wall, to affright them, and to trouble them; that they might take the city.

19 And they spake against the God of Jerusalem, as against the gods of the people of the earth, which were the work of the hands of man.

Don't let Hezekiah fool you.

Your god can't save you from me.

God kills King Sennacherib and the Assyrian army

20 And for this cause Hezekiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz, prayed and cried to heaven.

King Hezekiah and Isaiah the prophet cried to heaven.

21 And the LORD sent an angel, which cut off all the mighty men of valour, and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he returned with shame of face to his own land. And when he was come into the house of his god, they that came forth of his own bowels slew him there with the sword.

And God sent an angel who killed all of Assyria's mighty men. [1]

Sennacherib went home in disgrace.

When he arrived, his sons killed him with a sword. [2]

22 Thus the LORD saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem from the hand of Sennacherib the king of Assyria, and from the hand of all other, and guided them on every side.

So God saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem from Sennacherib.

23 And many brought gifts unto the LORD to Jerusalem, and presents to Hezekiah king of Judah: so that he was magnified in the sight of all nations from thenceforth.

The people gave many gifts to God and Hezekiah.
Hezekiah's illness and death
32:24-33, Cf. 2 Kg 19:14-19, 35; Isaiah 37:14-20

24 In those days Hezekiah was sick to the death, and prayed unto the LORD: and he spake unto him, and he gave him a sign.

King Hezekiah was sick, so he prayed to God.

God spoke to him and gave him a sign.

25 But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done unto him; for his heart was lifted up: therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem.

But he wasn't appreciative enough,

so God's wrath was upon him and all of Judah.

26 Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the LORD came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah.

And yet Hezekiah humbled himself enough that God's wrath was removed from him for the rest of his life.

27 And Hezekiah had exceeding much riches and honour: and he made himself treasuries for silver, and for gold, and for precious stones, and for spices, and for shields, and for all manner of pleasant jewels;

28 Storehouses also for the increase of corn, and wine, and oil; and stalls for all manner of beasts, and cotes for flocks.

29 Moreover he provided him cities, and possessions of flocks and herds in abundance: for God had given him substance very much.

30 This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.

God made Hezekiah rich, famous, and successful.

31 Howbeit in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to enquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart.

But God didn't know what was in Hezekiah's heart.

So he sent some Babylonian messengers to find out. [3]

32 Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and his goodness, behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, and in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.

You can read about the rest of Hezekiah's acts in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah and Israel.

33 And Hezekiah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honour at his death. And Manasseh his son reigned in his stead.

Hezekiah died and his son, Manasseh became king of Judah.
Cervantes2 months ago

It's interesting that while essentially the same story is given in Kings, it's a completely different version, in other words two different writers recorded this. The Chronicler is presumably drawing on, if not simply copying from, a lost source. This late in the history it's based on historical reality -- the failed siege of Jerusalem by Sennacherib is documented elsewhere, although historians aren't convinced a plague was the reason for Sennacherib's defeat. The rest of the story going forward is also based on historical reality. Exactly when the Deuteronomistic history and Chronicles emerge from the mists of myth into a semblance of real history is not entirely clear.

Steve Wells2 months ago

Thanks for the comment, Cervantes. And welcome to the new SAB website! We've been working on converting the 24 year old html-based site to a database-driven one, and we finally did it. I'm sure there will be plenty of bugs to work out, but we'll try to fix them as we find them. And thanks for your comment on Chronicles vs. Kings. The database didn't catch the chapter that your comment was attached to, so I put it here. I think we've now got that sorted out, so comments should be displayed on the proper page. I apologize if your comment was intended for another chapter.


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