0 SAB 1 Kings 12

1 Kings


The people of Israel rebel against Rehoboam
12:1-20, 2 Chr 10:1-19

1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king.

After Solomon died, his son Rehoboam went to Shechem.

And all the people of Israel went there to meet him to make him king.

2 And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was yet in Egypt, heard of it, (for he was fled from the presence of king Solomon, and Jeroboam dwelt in Egypt;)

When Jeroboam heard about it, he came back to Israel from Egypt (where he had fled to avoid being killed by Solomon).

3 That they sent and called him. And Jeroboam and all the congregation of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying,

4 Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee.

5 And he said unto them, Depart yet for three days, then come again to me. And the people departed.

Jeroboam and all the people of Israel said to Rehoboam,
Your father Solomon was hard on us.

You need to treat us better.

Rehoboam said to them,

Go away and come back in three days.

6 And king Rehoboam consulted with the old men, that stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, and said, How do ye advise that I may answer this people?

Rehoboam consulted with the old men that advised Solomon, saying,
How should I respond to these people?

7 And they spake unto him, saying, If thou wilt be a servant unto this people this day, and wilt serve them, and answer them, and speak good words to them, then they will be thy servants for ever.

8 But he forsook the counsel of the old men, which they had given him, and consulted with the young men that were grown up with him, and which stood before him:

9 And he said unto them, What counsel give ye that we may answer this people, who have spoken to me, saying, Make the yoke which thy father did put upon us lighter?

The old men said to him,

If you're going to be king, you need to speak kindly to them.

If you do, they'll serve you forever.

But he ignored the advice of the old men, and asked the young men what to do.

10 And the young men that were grown up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou speak unto this people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it lighter unto us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little finger shall be thicker than my father's loins.

The young men said that he should say the following words to the people:

My little finger will be thicker than my father's penis.

11 And now whereas my father did lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father hath chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.

My father laid a heavy burden on you. I will add to your burden.

He punished you with whips; I'll punish you with scorpions.

12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day.

13 And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him;

14 And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.

On the third day Jeroboam and all the people of Israel returned to hear what king would say.

And here's what he said:

My father laid a heavy burden on you. I will add to your burden.

He punished you with whips; I'll punish you with scorpions.

(He left out the part about his father's penis.)

15 Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

Rehoboam spoke this way because that is the way God wanted him to speak, as Ahijah explained to Jeroboam when he ripped his clothes into twelve pieces.

16 So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents.

When everyone in Israel heard Rehoboam's words, they said to him,
We want nothing to do with David.

We're going home.

17 But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

But Rehoboam ruled over Judah.

18 Then king Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the tribute; and all Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. Therefore king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.

Rehoboam sent Adoram to the people of Israel.

But everyone in Israel stoned him to death.

So Rehoboam got in his chariot and fled to Jerusalem.

19 So Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day.

And Israel has rebelled against David's kingdom to this very day.

20 And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only.

The people of Israel made Jeroboam king over Israel. And so only the tribe of Judah still followed the house of David.

God tells everyone to go home
12:21-24, 2 Chr 11:1-19

21 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.

Rehoboam assembled 180,000 soldiers from the tribes of Judah and Benjamin to fight against Israel and restore the kingdom in Israel.

22 But the word of God came unto Shemaiah the man of God, saying,

23 Speak unto Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and unto all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the remnant of the people, saying,

24Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren the children of Israel: return every man to his house; for this thing is from me. They hearkened therefore to the word of the LORD, and returned to depart, according to the word of the LORD.

But then the word of God came to Shemaiah the man of God saying,

Tell Rehoboam and all the people of Judah and Benjamin and everyone else the following:

This is what God says:

Don't fight against Israel. Go home. This thing is from me.

And everyone did what God said and went home.

Jeroboam's golden calves

25 Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and dwelt therein; and went out from thence, and built Penuel.


26 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David:

27 If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah.

But Jeroboam was worried. He said to himself:
When the people sacrifice in God's house, they will make Rehoboam their king and kill me.

28 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

So Jeroboam made two golden calves and said to the people,
Here are your gods! The ones who brought you out of Egypt.

29 And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan.

Jeroboam put one of the gods in Bethel, and the other in Dan.

30And this thing became a sin: for the people went to worship before the one, even unto Dan.

And this thing became a sin.

31 And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.

Jeroboam made houses on the high places and made the lowest people priests. None of them were Levites.

32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made.

33 So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.

Animals were sacrificed at Jeroboam's high places at the same times sacrifices were made in God's house in Jerusalem.

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