Numbers 1

Moses takes a census
1:1-46

1:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying,

1:2 Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls;

1:3 From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

On the first day of the second month of the second year after leaving Egypt, God said to Moses,
Take a census of all the people of Israel who are at least twenty years old and able to go to war. [1]

1:4 And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers.

These are the names of the leaders from each tribe.

1:5 And these are the names of the men that shall stand with you: of the tribe of Reuben; Elizur the son of Shedeur.

1:6 Of Simeon; Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.

1:7 Of Judah; Nahshon the son of Amminadab.

1:8 Of Issachar; Nethaneel the son of Zuar.

1:9 Of Zebulun; Eliab the son of Helon.

1:10 Of the children of Joseph: of Ephraim; Elishama the son of Ammihud: of Manasseh; Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.

1:11 Of Benjamin; Abidan the son of Gideoni.

1:12 Of Dan; Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.

1:13 Of Asher; Pagiel the son of Ocran.

1:14 Of Gad; Eliasaph the son of Deuel.

1:15 Of Naphtali; Ahira the son of Enan.

1:16 These were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel.

Elizur the son of Shedeur, of the tribe of Reuben.... [2]

1:17 And Moses and Aaron took these men which are expressed by their names:

1:18 And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls.

On the first day of the second month, Moses and Aaron assembled all of the people, with the twelve tribal leaders that God had selected.

1:19 As the LORD commanded Moses, so he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai.

1:20 And the children of Reuben, Israel's eldest son, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

And they numbered all of the Israelites in the wilderness of Sinai.

1:21 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Reuben, were forty and six thousand and five hundred.

1:22 Of the children of Simeon, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, those that were numbered of them, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

46,500 from the tribe of Reuben.

1:23 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Simeon, were fifty and nine thousand and three hundred.

59,300 from the tribe of Simeon.

1:24 Of the children of Gad, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

1:25 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Gad, were forty and five thousand six hundred and fifty.

45,650 from the tribe of Gad.

1:26 Of the children of Judah, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

1:27 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Judah, were threescore and fourteen thousand and six hundred.

74,600 from the tribe of Judah.

1:28 Of the children of Issachar, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

1:29 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Issachar, were fifty and four thousand and four hundred.

54,400 from the tribe of Issachar.

1:30 Of the children of Zebulun, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

1:31 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Zebulun, were fifty and seven thousand and four hundred.

57,400 from the tribe of Zebulun.

1:32 Of the children of Joseph, namely, of the children of Ephraim, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

1:33 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Ephraim, were forty thousand and five hundred.

40,500 from the tribe of Ephraim.

1:34 Of the children of Manasseh, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

1:35 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Manasseh, were thirty and two thousand and two hundred.

32,200 from the tribe of Manasseh.

1:36 Of the children of Benjamin, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

1:37 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Benjamin, were thirty and five thousand and four hundred.

35,400 from the tribe of Benjamin.

1:38 Of the children of Dan, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

1:39 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Dan, were threescore and two thousand and seven hundred.

62,700 from the tribe of Dan.

1:40 Of the children of Asher, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

1:41 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Asher, were forty and one thousand and five hundred.

41,500 from the tribe of Asher.

1:42 Of the children of Naphtali, throughout their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;

1:43 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Naphtali, were fifty and three thousand and four hundred.

1:44 These are those that were numbered, which Moses and Aaron numbered, and the princes of Israel, being twelve men: each one was for the house of his fathers.

53,400 from the tribe of Naphtali.

1:45 So were all those that were numbered of the children of Israel, by the house of their fathers, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war in Israel;

1:46 Even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.

So the total number of able-bodied Iraelite men over twenty years was 603,550. [3]

God makes the Levites responsible for the tabernacle.
(And tells Moses not to include them in the census.)
1:47-54

1:47 But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them.

1:48 For the LORD had spoken unto Moses, saying,

1:49 Only thou shalt not number the tribe of Levi, neither take the sum of them among the children of Israel:

But the Levites were not included in the census, because God said to Moses,

Don't number the tribe of Levi. [4]

1:50 But thou shalt appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and over all the vessels thereof, and over all things that belong to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle.

Make the Levites responsible for the tabernacle and its vessels.

1:51 And when the tabernacle setteth forward, the Levites shall take it down: and when the tabernacle is to be pitched, the Levites shall set it up: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.

1:52 And the children of Israel shall pitch their tents, every man by his own camp, and every man by his own standard, throughout their hosts.

1:53 But the Levites shall pitch round about the tabernacle of testimony, that there be no wrath upon the congregation of the children of Israel: and the Levites shall keep the charge of the tabernacle of testimony.

Kill any stranger that comes near the tabernacle. [5]

1:54 And the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did they.

And the Israelites did what God commanded Moses.