Science and History
Cruelty and Violence
"They found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre."
Was the tomb opened or closed?
(24:3-4) "They entered in,
and ... two men stood by them."
Were the men (or angels) inside or outside?
Were the men or angels sitting or standing?
Whom did the women see?
(24:6a) "He ... is risen."
Jesus came back to life after being dead for a while.
(24:6b-7) Did Jesus forewarn the apostles
of his death and resurrection?
(24:6b) "Remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee."
(24:7) "Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again."
"They ... told all these things unto the eleven, and to all the rest."
Did the women immediately tell the disciples?
was Mary Magdalene and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women."
How many women came?
(24:11) "Their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not."
When Mary Magdalene and the other women gave their account of the resurrection to the apostles didn't believe them.
(24:13-16) Two of Jesus' disciples failed to recognize
him after his supposed resurrection. Maybe that was because the person they saw wasn't really Jesus.
To whom did Jesus first appear?
(24:13) "Two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus."
(23:15) "While they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them."
(24:16) "Their eyes were holden that they should not know him."
(24:23) "When they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also
seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive."
Did Mary Magdalene recognize Jesus?
"He said unto them, O fools."
The man (whoever he was) who talked with the two unnamed apostles on the way to Emmaus calls them "fools," thereby
making himself a candidate for "hell fire." (Matthew 5:22)
Is it OK to call someone a fool?
Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came
unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain
others with them.
And they found the
stone rolled away from the sepulchre.
And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
And it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold, two
men stood by them in shining garments:
And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth, they
said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead?
He is not here, but is
risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee,
Saying, The Son of man
must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the
third day rise again.
And they remembered his words,
And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the eleven, and to
all the rest.
It was Mary Magdalene
and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with
them, which told these things unto the apostles.
And their words seemed
to them as idle tales, and they believed them not.
Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping down, he beheld
the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in himself at
that which was come to pass.
And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus,
which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.
And they talked together of all these things which had happened.
And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned,
Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.
But their eyes were
holden that they should not know him.
And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye
have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?
And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art
thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are
come to pass there in these days?
And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning
Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God
and all the people:
And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to
death, and have crucified him.
But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and
beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.
Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were
early at the sepulchre;
And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels,
which said that he was alive.
And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it
even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.
Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets
Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his
And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all
the scriptures the things concerning himself.
And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as
though he would have gone further.||
But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening,
and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.||
"Their eyes were opened, and they knew him ... And they said one to another,
Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us?"
The disciples spent the day talking to the mysterious man before
finally recognizing him when "their hearts burned within them."
Strange Flesh: The road to Emmaus
(24:31b) "And he vanished out of their sight."
Jesus, the invisible man!
(24:33) "They ... returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven
How many disciples did Jesus appear to in his first post resurrection appearance?
Where did Jesus appear to the disciples?
(24:34) "The Lord ... hath appeared to Simon."
Did the eleven disciples believe the two men?
(24:36) "As they thus
spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them." Jesus just appears out of nowhere!
"They were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit."
Were the disciples frightened or gladdened when they saw Jesus?
"Handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones."
Was it OK to touch the risen Jesus?
Does God have a body?
(24:44-46) Jesus claims that his suffering and death
were a fulfillment of prophecy. But there is no such prophecy in the Old Testament.
(24:44) "All things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me."
(24:46) "Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:"
And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and
blessed it, and brake, and gave to them.
And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.
And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he
talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?
And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven
gathered together, and them that were with them,
Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.
And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of
them in breaking of bread.
And as they thus
spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them,
Peace be unto you.
But they were
terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit.
And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in
Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for
a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.
And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them his hands and his feet.
And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them,
Have ye here any meat?
And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb.
And he took it, and did eat before them.
And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I
was yet with you, that all
things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the
prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.
Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the
And said unto them, Thus
it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the
dead the third day:
And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name
among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
And ye are witnesses of these things.||
And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the
city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.||
(24:49) "Tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem."|
Where did Jesus tell his disciples to go after his resurrection?
And he led them out as
far as to Bethany, and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them.
And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven.
(24:51) "And carried up into heaven"|
This phrase appears to be a later addition, since it is not present in some early
When did Jesus ascend into heaven?
And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy:
And were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
- Watch ye therefore. 24:34
- Pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man. 24:36
1. Bart D. Ehrman,
Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed
the Bible and Why, (2005), p.169
- Christian Response
- The Annotated Skeptic's Annotated Bible
the day in which he was taken up (Luke 24)
- SAB Author Answered