2 Samuel 23

David's (next to the) last words
23:1-7

23:1 Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,

These are the last words of David [1], the son of Jesse, the man raised up high, the anointed of God, and the sweet psalmist of Israel:

What were David's last words?

23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.

The spirit of God speaks through me, and God's words are on my tongue.

23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

23:4 And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

23:5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow.

God said, "The Rock of Israel spoke to me. He that rules must be just, ruling in fear of me."

23:6 But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands:

23:7 But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.

But the sons of Belial are like thorns that hands can't touch.

Whoever touches them must be fenced and burned on the spot.

What the Bible says about burning people to death

David's 36 (or 37) mighty men

23:8 These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.

Here's a list of David's mighty men:

  1. The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains, aka Adino the Eznite: he killed eight hundred at one time.

    How many men did the chief of David's captains kill?

23:9 And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:

23:10 He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.

  1. Eleazar the son of Dodo smote the Philistines until his hand got tired and stuck to the sword. God got a great victory that day.

23:11 And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines.

23:12 But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.

23:13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.

23:14 And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

  1. Shammah the son of Agee killed Philistines and gave God another great victory.

23:15 And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!

David was thirsty, so he asked someone to get him some water from the Bethlehem well, which was controlled by the Philistines.

23:16 And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto the LORD.

23:17 And he said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.

Three of his mighty men broke through the enemy lines, got the water from the well, and brought it back to David. But he refused to drink it and poured it on the ground, saying,

Far be it from me, O Lord, that I should drink this water (that I requested).

Isn't this the blood of the men who risked their lives?"

23:18 And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, and had the name among three.

23:19 Was he not most honourable of three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the first three.

  1. Abishai killed 300 men with his spear.

23:20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow:

23:21 And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.

23:22 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men.

23:23 He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

  1. Benaiah killed: two lion-like men of Moab, a lion in the snow, a goodly Egyptian who had a spear in his hand.

    He was more honorable than the thirty mighty men, but didn't quite make it to the top three.

23:24 Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,

  1. Asahel, brother of Joab
  2. Elhanan the son of Dodo

23:25 Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,

  1. Shammah the Harodite
  2. Elika the Harodite

23:26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,

  1. Helez the Paltite
  2. Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite

23:27 Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite,

  1. Abiezer the Anethothite
  2. Mebunnai the Hushathite

23:28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,

  1. Zalmon the Ahohite
  2. Maharai the Netophathite

23:29 Heleb the son of Baanah, a Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai out of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin,

  1. Heleb the son of Baanah
  2. Ittai the son of Ribai

23:30 Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash,

  1. Benaiah the Pirathonite
  2. Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash

23:31 Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,

  1. Abialbon the Arbathite
  2. Azmaveth the Barhumite

23:32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite, of the sons of Jashen, Jonathan,

  1. Eliahba the Shaalbonite
  2. Jonathan

23:33 Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

  1. Shammah the Hararite
  2. Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite

23:34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,

  1. Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai
  2. Eliam the son of Ahithophel

23:35 Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,

  1. Hezrai the Carmelite
  2. Paarai the Arbite

23:36 Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite,

  1. Igal the son of Nathan
  2. Bani the Gadite

23:37 Zelek the Ammonite, Nahari the Beerothite, armourbearer to Joab the son of Zeruiah,

  1. Zelek the Ammonite
  2. Nahari the Beerothite

23:38 Ira an Ithrite, Gareb an Ithrite

  1. Ira an Ithrite
  2. Gareb an Ithrite

23:39 Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.

  1. Uriah the Hittite

Thirty seven in all. (The list includes only 36.)

How many mighty men did David have?