2 Samuel 1
Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from
the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag;||
"David ... returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites"
How could David find any Amalekites to slaughter? Saul already killed them all (except Agag,
who was killed by Samuel).
Kills the Messenger
It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the
camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and so it
was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.
And David said unto him, From whence comest thou? And he said unto him,
Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped.
And David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me. And he
answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the people
also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also.
And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that
Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?||
And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount
Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and
horsemen followed hard after him.||
And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I
answered, Here am I.||
And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an
(1:8-10) "I am an Amalekite."|
How did Saul die?
"I am an Amalekite. ... So I stood upon him, and slew him."
But Saul killed all the Amalekites (except for Agag who Samuel hacked to death) as God commanded in 1 Sam.15:3,
so how could he later be killed by one?
Did Saul and Samuel kill all the Amalekites?
(1:11) "Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the
men that were with him."
They rent their clothes.
He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for
anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.
So I stood upon him,
and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he
was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet
that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.
Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the
men that were with him:
And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for
Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of
Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.
And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art thou? And he
answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite.||
And David said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine
hand to destroy the LORD's anointed?||
And David called one of
the young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that
(1:15) "David called one of the young men,
and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died."|
David tells one of his "young men" to kill the Amalekite messenger who
claimed to have mercifully killed Saul at Saul's own request.
God's 74th Killing
And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath
testified against thee, saying, I have slain the LORD's anointed.
And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his
(Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the
book of Jasher.)||
"Behold, it is written in the book of Jasher."|
-The Book of Jasher
The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty
Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the
daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the
Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain,
upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is
vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been anointed
From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of
Jonathan turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty.||
Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their
death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were
stronger than lions.||
Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with
other delights, who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.||
(1:26) "Very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love
to me was wonderful, passing the love of women."|
David loved Jonathan more than women.
(And he loved a lot of women!)
How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, thou
wast slain in thine high places.
I am distressed for
thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love
to me was wonderful, passing the love of women.
How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!