"God ... who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain."
Galileo cited this verse in his "Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina" saying, "Astronomers seem to declare what is contrary
to Scripture, for they hold the heavens to be spherical, while the Scripture calls it 'stretched out like a curtain.'"
He argued, following Augustine, that the Church should avoid interpreting such passages in a way that might later conflict
with scientific understanding. Unfortunately, the Church did not take his advice.
Of course Galileo was right about Psalm 104:1-2. The heavens are not stretched out like a curtain, and today nearly all
Christians take Galileo's
advice and ignore the passage, interpret it metaphorically, or make it say something other than what it clearly says.
"Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed for ever."
God set the earth on firm foundations
"that it should not be moved for ever." (The earth is stationary and does not orbit the sun.)
Will the earth last forever?
"The waters stood above the mountains."
Noah's flood covered the highest mountains, just like it says in Genesis 7:20.
"Who walks upon the wings of the winds,
who makes your angels spirits"
(Unknown, 12th Century)
Bless the LORD, O my soul. O LORD my God, thou art very great; thou art
clothed with honour and majesty.
Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the
heavens like a curtain:
Who layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters: who maketh the clouds
his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind:
Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:
Who laid the
foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed for ever.
Thou coveredst it with the deep as with a garment: the waters stood above
At thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder they hasted away.
They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place
which thou hast founded for them.
Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not
again to cover the earth.
He sendeth the springs into the valleys, which run among the hills.
They give drink to every beast of the field: the wild asses quench their
By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, which sing
among the branches.
He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the
fruit of thy works.
He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of
man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth;||
And wine that maketh
glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread
which strengtheneth man's heart.||
(104:15) "Wine that maketh glad the heart of man."|
Is it OK to drink alcohol?
What the Bible says about alcohol
The trees of the LORD are full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon, which he
Where the birds make their nests: as for the stork, the fir trees are her
The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the
He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.||
Thou makest darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the
forest do creep forth.||
The young lions roar
after their prey, and seek their meat from God.||
(104:21) "The young lions roar
after their prey, and seek their meat from God."|
God gives the lions their meat. The cruelty and brutality of nature are all part of God's plan.
The sun ariseth, they gather themselves together, and lay them down in
Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening.||
|104:24 O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in
wisdom hast thou made them all: the
earth is full of thy riches.||
(104:24) "In wisdom hast thou made them all."|
All things dull and ugly
All creatures short and squat
All things rude and nasty
The Lord God made the lot
Each little snake that
Each little wasp that stings
He made their brutish venom
He made their horrid wings
All things sick and
All evils great and small
All things foul and dangerous
The Lord God made them all
Each nasty little hornet
Each beastly little squid
Who made the spiky urchin
Who made the sharks? He did
All things scabbed and ulcerous
All pox both great and small
Putrid, foul and gangrenous
The Lord God made them all
(Monty Python's Ode to Creation)
So is this great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumerable,
both small and great beasts.
There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play
These wait all upon thee; that thou mayest give them their meat in due
That thou givest them they gather: thou openest thine hand, they are
filled with good.
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath,
they die, and return to their dust.
Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the
face of the earth.
The glory of the LORD shall endure for ever: the LORD shall rejoice in his
He looketh on the earth, and it trembleth: he toucheth the hills, and they
I will sing unto the LORD as long as I live: I will sing praise to my God
while I have my being.||
My meditation of him shall be sweet: I will be glad in the LORD.||
Let the sinners be consumed out of the earth, and let the wicked be no
more. Bless thou the LORD, O my soul. Praise ye the LORD.