An angel rebukes the Israelites
(for being too tolerant of other religious beliefs)
2:1 And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and
said, I made
you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware
unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you.
And ye shall make no league with the inhabitants of this land; ye shall
throw down their altars: but ye have not obeyed my voice: why have ye done this?
2:3 Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they
shall be as thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you.
(2:1-4) An angel of the LORD ... said....
An angel drops by to rebuke the Israelites for being too tolerant of the religious
beliefs of the people they have been massacring. He tells them that since they didn't complete their
job (of killing everyone), God will not completely drive them out (like he promised to do). Instead
he'll keep some of them around so that the Israelites will be ensnared by their false gods. When the
Israelites heard the angel's words, they "lifted up their voices, and wept."
And it came to pass, when the angel of the LORD spake these words unto all
the children of Israel, that the people lifted up their voice, and wept.
And they called the name of that place Bochim: and they sacrificed there
unto the LORD.
And when Joshua had let the people go, the children of Israel went every
man unto his inheritance to possess the land.
And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of
the elders that outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the
LORD, that he did for Israel.
(2:4) When the angel of the LORD spake these words ... the people lifted up their voice, and wept.
And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, being an hundred
and ten years old.
And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnathheres, in
the mount of Ephraim, on the north side of the hill Gaash.
And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there
arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD, nor yet the
works which he had done for Israel.
(2:8) Joshua dies at the age of 110.
The Israelites do evil in the sight of the Lord
And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served
And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers,
which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed
other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them,
and provoked the LORD to anger.
And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.
(2:11-12) After Joshua's death, the people get back to what they do best: doing evil in the sight of the Lord.
They reject him and follow other gods, "provoking the Lord to anger."
(2:11) The children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD.
Cf. Jg 3:7, 3:12, 4:1,
6:1, 10:6, 13:1
God gets angry and sells the Israelites to their enemies
And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them
into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the
hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand
before their enemies.
Whithersoever they went out, the hand of the LORD was against them for
evil, as the LORD had said, and as the LORD had sworn unto them: and they
were greatly distressed.
Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out of the
hand of those that spoiled them.
(2:14) The anger of the LORD was hot against Israel ... and he sold
them into the hands of their enemies.
Cf. Jg 3:8, 3:12,
4:2, 6:1, 10:7
God's anger "was hot against Israel, and he sold them." Well, I hope he got a good price!
And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring
after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of
the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD;
but they did not so.
(2:17) They went a whoring after other gods.
And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge,
and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the
judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them
that oppressed them and vexed them.
And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, and
corrupted themselves more than their fathers, in following other gods to
serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own
doings, nor from their stubborn way.
And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because
that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their
fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice;
I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations
which Joshua left when he died:
That through them I may prove Israel, whether they will keep the way of
the LORD to walk therein, as their fathers did keep it, or not.
Therefore the LORD left those nations, without driving them out hastily;
neither delivered he them into the hand of Joshua.
(2:18-23) These verses summarize the first half of the book of Joshua. The
same sequence of events happens over and over again.
(Cf. Jg 2:11, 3:7,
3:12, 4:1, 6:1, 10:6,
1. The Israelites do evil in the site of the Lord.
2. God gets angry and sells them into slavery (or otherwise delivers them into their enemies' hands).
3. The children of Israel cry unto the Lord.
4. God rasises up a judge to save them.
5. God slaughters the people he sold (or delivered) the Israelites to.