Cruelty and Violence
Science and History
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(17:1-5) Micah, his mother, and the ephod and teraphim|
A man named Micah stole 1100 shekels of silver from his mother. When he returned the silver to his mother, she made a graven image in the form of
an ephod and teraphim.
(17:1) "There was a man of mount Ephraim, whose name was Micah."
(17:4-5) "He restored the money unto his mother; and his mother took two hundred shekels of silver, and gave them to the founder, who ...
made an ephod, and teraphim."
(17:5) "An ephod, and teraphim"
"One may guess that the teraphim is what the ephod covers. At any rate the teraphim may be supposed to have something of a
phallic shape since it serves to substitute more or less convincingly for the body of a man (when covered)." Jennings, T. W., Jr.,
Jacob's Wound: Homoerotic Narrative in the Literature of Ancient Israel, n. 11, p. 46
And there was a man of mount Ephraim, whose name was Micah.
And he said unto his mother, The eleven hundred shekels of silver that
were taken from thee, about which thou cursedst, and spakest of also in mine
ears, behold, the silver is with me; I took it. And his mother said, Blessed
be thou of the LORD, my son.
And when he had restored the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his
mother, his mother said, I had wholly dedicated the silver unto the LORD
from my hand for my son, to make a graven image and a molten image: now
therefore I will restore it unto thee.
Yet he restored the money unto his mother; and his mother took two hundred
shekels of silver, and gave them to the founder, who made thereof a graven
image and a molten image: and they were in the house of Micah.
And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim,
and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.
In those days there was no king in Israel, but every man did that which
was right in his own eyes.
And there was a young man out of Bethlehemjudah of the family of Judah,
who was a Levite, and he sojourned there.
And the man departed out of the city from Bethlehemjudah to sojourn where
he could find a place: and he came to mount Ephraim to the house of Micah,
as he journeyed.||
And Micah said unto him, Whence comest thou? And he said unto him, I am a
Levite of Bethlehemjudah, and I go to sojourn where I may find a place.||
And Micah said unto him, Dwell with me, and be unto me a father and a
priest, and I will give thee ten shekels of silver by the year, and a suit
of apparel, and thy victuals. So the Levite went in.||
And the Levite was content to dwell with the man; and the young man was
unto him as one of his sons.||
And Micah consecrated the Levite; and the young man became his priest, and
was in the house of Micah.||
Then said Micah, Now know I that the LORD will do me good, seeing I have a
Levite to my priest.||
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