0 Dies Irae (Zephaniah 1-3)

Episode 228: Dies Irae (Day of Wrath)

Zephaniah 1-3

On the Lord's day, he'll kill everything on earth

1 1 The word of God came to Zephaniah in the days of King Josiah of Judah, saying,

2 I'll destroy everything on earth.

3 I'll kill all the humans, birds, and fish.

4 I'll kill the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem. I'll kill the worshipers of Baal.

5 I'll kill those that worship the stars. I'll kill those that swear by me or Malcham.

6 I'll kill those who rejected me or didn't seek me.

7 The day of the Lord is here, and I've prepared a sacrifice.

8 On the day of my sacrifice, I'll punish the king's children, and everyone with strange clothes.

9 I'll also punish those who leap on the threshold.

10 On that day, there'll be crying, howling, and crashing from the hills.

12 I'll search Jerusalem with candles, and punish those who say in their hearts, "God will do neither good nor evil."

13 Their goods will become booty, and their houses a desolation. They'll plant vineyards but won't drink the wine.

14 The great day of the Lord is near.

15 It is a day of wrath, trouble, distress, desolation, darkness and gloominess.

17 I'll bring distress and blindness on everyone. Their blood will be poured out, and their flesh will be like dung.

18 The whole land will be devoured by the fire of my jealousy. I'll quickly get rid of everyone on earth.

Maybe you can hide from him on that day

2 1 Gather yourselves together and get ready for the day of God's fierce anger.

3 Maybe you can hide from him on that day.

4 Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, and Ekron will be destroyed.

5 God says, "Woe to those who live by the sea. I’ll kill you all."

9 Moab will be like Sodom, and Ammon like Gomorrah. My people will steal their things and possess their land.

10 Because they said bad things about my people.

11 God will be terrible to them. He'll starve all the gods of the earth. Everyone will worship God, even on the heathens' islands.

12 God says, "I'll kill the Ethiopians with my sword."

13 He'll destroy Assyria and make Nineveh desolate.

14 Everyone who passes by will hiss and wag their hand.

Woe to her that is filthy and polluted

3 1 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted.

I have destroyed their cities and killed all of their inhabitants.

7 So now you'll be afraid of me.

8 Wait until the day I assemble the nations and kingdoms, when everyone will be devoured in the fire of my fierce anger and jealousy.

17 On that day, God will sing with joy.

A few more words about this episode

Zephaniah (1:1)
This verse tells us that Zephaniah was the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hizkiah. If "Hizkiah" is King Hezekiah of Judah, then Zephaniah would have been his great-great grandson.
In the days of King Josiah of Judah (1:1)
Since Josiah was king of Judah from 640-609 BCE, the author is saying that the book of Zephaniah was written during this time period.

Malcham (1:5)
In the podcast, I said that Malcham probably referred to the god Molech. And that may be, but this god is mentioned in 2 Kings 23:13 as being an Ammonite god.
A day of wrath (1:15)
The hymn Dies irae was at least partially inspired by Zephaniah 1:15-16 in the Latin Vulgate.
The Bible from 30,000 feet: Zephaniah
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