Cruelty and Violence
Science and History
1 Samuel: Family Values
- "He [Samuel's father] had two wives." 1:2
- "The Lord had shut up her [Hannah's] womb." 1:5
- The sons of Eli had sex with women "at the door of the tabernacle." 2:22
- "A man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith the
LORD ... I will cut off thine arm... There shall not be an old man in thine house for ever ... I shall ...
consume thine eyes and ... grieve thine heart."
A "man of God" tells Eli that God will "consume his eyes" and "grieve his heart" and make sure that all of his decendants will
die young" because of the stuff his sons did. 2:27-32
- "And this shall be a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die
both of them."
God says he'll kill his two sons as a sign to him. (Just ot remind him of the nasty things he plans to do to him and his
descendants to punish him for what his sons did.) 2:34
- God will punish Eli's descendants forever for the sins of Eli's sons. 3:12-13
- Samuel tells Eli that God will punish his descendants forever (3:12-13) and Eli says,
"Okay, whatever God wants is fine with me." 3:18
- "The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain."
God killed Eli's sons as he promised to do. (See 2:25 and 34) 4:11
- God orders Saul to kill all of the Amalekites: men, women, infants, sucklings, ox, sheep, camels, and asses.
Why? Because God remembers what Amalek did hundreds of years ago. 15:2-3
- Saul killed everyone but Agag (the king) and the best of the animals. But still God was furious with Saul for
not killing everything as he had been told to do. He said, "it repenteth me that I have set Saul up to be king."
- Saul is rebuked by Samuel for "doing evil in the sight of the Lord" by failing to kill all of the
- Because Saul didn't kill everyone as God commanded, God changes his mind about him
being king. 15:23-26
- David kills 200 Philistines and brings their foreskins to Saul to buy his first wife (Saul's daughter Michal).
Saul had only asked for 100 foreskins, but David was feeling generous. 18:25-27
- Saul kills 85 priests of Nob and all men, women, children, and animals in the city of Nob. 22:18-19
- "And it came to pass about ten days after, that the Lord smote Nabal, that he died." This was convenient for
David who then took his property and his wife, Abigail. 25:38
- "When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD ... And David sent and communed with Abigail,
to take her to him to wife." 25:39
- David takes his second wife (Abigail) after God killed her husband (Nabal). He also, at the same time,
took another wife (#3), Ahinoam. In the meantime, Saul gave Michal (his daughter and David's first wife) to another
- "And David smote the land and left neither man nor woman alive." (No wonder God liked David so much!)