Moses, the first true believer
And when We did appoint for Moses thirty nights (of solitude), and added to them ten, and he completed the whole time appointed
by his Lord of forty nights; and Moses said unto his brother, Aaron: Take my place among the people. Do right, and follow
not the way of mischief-makers.
Moses was on the mountain for forty nights.
And when Moses came to Our appointed tryst and his Lord had spoken unto him, he said: My Lord! Show me (Thy Self),
that I may gaze upon Thee. He said: Thou wilt not see Me, but gaze upon the mountain! If it stand still in its place,
then thou wilt see Me. And when his Lord revealed (His) glory to the mountain He sent it crashing down.
And Moses fell down senseless. And when he woke he said: Glory unto Thee! I turn unto Thee repentant, and
I am the first of (true) believers.
He said to his Lord,
Show yourself to me.
So his Lord revealed his glory and the mountain came crashing down. 
I'm the first true believer. 
He said: O Moses! I have preferred thee above mankind by My messages and by My speaking (unto thee). So hold that which I have given thee,
and be among the thankful.
And We wrote for him, upon the tablets, the lesson to be drawn from all things and the explanation of all things, then (bade him):
Hold it fast; and command thy people (saying): Take the better (course made clear) therein. I shall show thee the abode of
Allah said to Moses,
I like you better than everyone else.
I shall turn away from My revelations those who magnify themselves wrongfully in the earth, and if
they see each token believe it not,
and if they see the way of righteousness choose it nor for (their) way, and if they see the way of error
choose if for (their) way.
That is because they deny Our revelations and are used to disregard them.
If they don't believe my tokens,
I'll make them disbelieve my revelations.
147 Those who deny Our revelations and the meeting of the Hereafter, their
works are fruitless. Are they requited aught save what they used to do?
All their works will be fruitless.
And the folk of Moses, after (he left them), chose a calf
(for worship), (made) out of their ornaments, of saffron hue,
which gave a lowing sound. Saw they not that it spake
not unto them nor guided them to any way? They chose it, and became wrong-doers.
And when they feared the consequences thereof and saw that they had
gone astray, they said: Unless our Lord have mercy on us and forgive us, we verily are
of the lost.
And when Moses returned unto his people, angry and grieved, he said: Evil is that (course) which
ye took after I had left you. Would ye hasten on the judgment of your Lord ? And he cast down the tablets, and he seized his
brother by the head, dragging him toward him. He said: Son of my mother! Lo! the folk did judge me weak and almost
killed me. Oh, make not mine enemies to triumph over me and place me not among the evil-doers.
He said: My Lord! Have mercy on me and on my brother; bring us into Thy mercy, Thou the Most Merciful of all who show
Moses's people worshiped a calf, made out of ornaments, that made a lowing sound. 
Lo! Those who chose the calf (for worship), terror from their Lord and humiliation will come upon them in the life of the world.
Thus do We requite those who invent a lie.
But those who do ill-deeds and afterward repent and believe - lo! for them, afterward, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
Then, when the anger of Moses abated, he took up the tablets, and in their inscription there was guidance and mercy for all
those who fear their Lord.
Those who worship the calf will receive terror and humiliation from their Lord.
And Moses chose of his people seventy men for Our appointed tryst and, when the trembling
came on them, he said: My Lord! If Thou hadst willed Thou hadst destroyed them long
before, and me with them. Wilt thou destroy us for that which the ignorant among us did ?
It is but Thy trial (of us). Thou sendest whom Thou wilt astray and guidest whom Thou
wilt: Thou art our Protecting Friend, therefore forgive us and have mercy on us,
Thou, the Best of all who show forgiveness.
Moses said to Allah,
You send astray whomever you like.
Muhammad, the illiterate messenger
And ordain for us in this world that which is good, and in the Hereafter (that which is
good), Lo! We have turned unto Thee. He said: I smite with My punishment whom I will,
and My mercy embraceth all things, therefore I shall ordain it for those who ward off
(evil) and pay the poor-due, and those who believe Our revelations;
I smite whomever I want.
But those who pay to support the poor,
believe our revelations,
Those who follow the messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write, whom they will find described in the Torah and the Gospel (which are)
with them. He will enjoin on them that which is right and forbid them that which is wrong. He will make lawful for them all good things and
prohibit for them only the foul; and he will relieve them of their burden and the fetters that they used to wear. Then
those who believe in him,
and honour him, and help him, and follow the light which is sent down with him: they are the successful.
and follow the illiterate messenger, 
will be successful.
Say (O Muhammad): O mankind! Lo! I am the messenger of Allah to you all - (the messenger of) Him unto Whom belongeth the
Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. There is no God save Him. He quickeneth and He giveth death. So
believe in Allah and His messenger,
the Prophet who can neither read nor write, who believeth in Allah and in His Words, and follow him that haply ye may be
And of Moses' folk there is a community who lead with truth and establish justice therewith.
Say this Muhammad:
I am the messenger of Allah.
Believe in Allah and me (the illiterate prophet).
Be ye apes, despised and loathed!
We divided them into twelve tribes, nations; and We inspired Moses, when his people asked him for water, saying:
Smite with thy staff the rock! And there
gushed forth therefrom twelve springs, so that each tribe knew their drinking-place. And we caused the white
cloud to overshadow them and sent down
for them the manna and the quails (saying): Eat of the good things wherewith we have provided you.
They wronged Us not, but they were wont
to wrong themselves.
And when it was said unto them: Dwell in this township and eat therefrom whence ye will, and say "Repentance," and enter the gate prostrate;
We shall forgive you your sins; We shall increase (reward) for the right-doers.
We [Allah] told Moses to smite the rock with his staff, and twelve springs gushed forth, one for each tribe.
And we sent manna and quails for them to eat.
But those of them who did wrong changed the word
which had been told them for another saying, and We sent down upon them wrath from heaven for their
But we sent down wrath on those who changed the word. 
Ask them (O Muhammad) of the township that was by the sea, how they did break the Sabbath, how their big
fish came unto them visibly upon their Sabbath day and on a day when they did not keep Sabbath came they not unto them.
Thus did We try them for that they were evil-livers.
Ask them (Muhammad) about the time when a big fish came to them on the Sabbath so they couldn't catch it, and
then when it wasn't the Sabbath and they could catch and eat it, the fish didn't come.
That's what we do to evil-livers!
And when a community among them said: Why preach ye to a folk whom Allah is about to
destroy or punish with an awful doom, they said: In order to be free from guilt before your Lord,
and that haply they may ward off (evil).
And when they forgot that whereof they had been reminded, We rescued those who forbade wrong, and visited
those who did wrong with dreadful punishment because they were evil-livers.
Some say, "Why do you preach to those whom Allah is about to destroy in an awful doom?"
They said, "So we can be free from guilt and ward off evil."
And when they forgot what they had been reminded of, we punished them will a dreadful punishment, because they were
So when they took pride in that which they had been forbidden, We said unto them: Be ye
apes despised and loathed!
We said to them,
Be apes, despised and hated. 
And (remember) when thy Lord proclaimed that He would raise against them till the Day of
Resurrection those who would lay on them a cruel torment. Lo! verily thy Lord is swift in prosecution and lo!
verily He is Forgiving, Merciful.
And We have sundered them in the earth as (separate) nations. Some of them are righteous, and some far from that.
And We have tried them with good things and evil things that haply they might return.
And a generation hath succeeded them who inherited the scriptures. They grasp the goods of this low life (as the
price of evil-doing) and say: It will be forgiven us. And if there came to them (again) the offer of the like,
they would accept it (and would sin again). Hath not the covenant of the Scripture been taken on their behalf
that they should not speak aught concerning Allah save the truth ? And they have studied that which is therein.
And the abode of the Hereafter is better, for those who ward off (evil). Have ye then no sense ?
And as for those who make (men) keep the Scripture, and establish worship - lo! We squander not the wages of reformers.
And when We shook the Mount above them as it were a covering, and they supposed that it was going to fall upon them
(and We said): Hold fast that which We have given you, and remember that which is therein, that ye may ward off (evil).
And (remember) when thy Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their reins, their seed, and made them testify of
themselves, (saying): Am I not your Lord ? They said: Yea, verily. We testify. (That was) lest ye should say at the Day of
Resurrection: Lo! of this we were unaware;
Or lest ye should say: (It is) only (that) our fathers ascribed partners to Allah of old and we were (their) seed after them.
Wilt Thou destroy us on account of that which those who follow falsehood did ?
Thus we detail the revelations, that haply they may return.
Remember when the Lord said that he'd lay on them a cruel torment?
Lo! He is forgiving, merciful.
- When his Lord revealed (His) glory (v.143a)
In the Bible, Moses also asked to see God's glory. But
God only showed him his "back parts".
But no mountain fell down in the Exodus account.
- I am the first of (true) believers. (v.143b)
Who was the first muslim?
- A lowing sound (v.148)
he Bible story in Exodus doesn't mention the mooiing of the golden calf.
- There gushed forth therefrom twelve springs. (v.160)
The Bible's silly water-from-a-rock story is even sillier in the Quran, where water not only comes out of a rock
when Moses smites it, but it flows out in twelve streams, one for each of the twelve tribes.
- But those of them who did wrong changed the word (v.162)
No one knows what this verse is talking about.
But whoever it was who did whatever it was -- were punished severly by Allah.
- Be ye apes despised and loathed! (v.166)
Allah turned some people into apes. Who were they and why did Allah do it?
Well, according to the story in 2:65-66, it was Jews for breaking the Sabbath.