21: The Prophets

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21: The Prophets

21:1 Their reckoning draweth nigh for mankind, while they turn away in heedlessness.
21:2 Never cometh there unto them a new reminder from their Lord but they listen to it while they play,
21:3 With hearts preoccupied. And they confer in secret. The wrong-doers say: Is this other than a mortal like you ? Will ye then succumb to magic when ye see (it) ?
21:4 He saith: My Lord knoweth what is spoken in the heaven and the earth. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
21:5 Nay, say they, (these are but) muddled dreams; nay, he hath but invented it; nay, he is but a poet. Let him bring us a portent even as those of old (who were God's messengers) were sent (with portents). (21:5) "These are but muddled dreams; nay, he hath but invented it."
Muhammad's critics claimed that his supposed revelations were "muddled dreams" that he made up as he went along.

(21:6) "Not a township believed of those which We destroyed before them (though We sent them portents): would they then believe?" Allah destroyed entire towns, yet the people still disbelieved.

21:6 Not a township believed of those which We destroyed before them (though We sent them portents): would they then believe?
21:7 And We sent not (as Our messengers) before thee other than men, whom We inspired. Ask the followers of the Reminder if ye know not ?
21:8 We gave them not bodies that would not eat food, nor were they immortals.
21:9 Then we fulfilled the promise unto them. So we delivered them and whom We would, and We destroyed the prodigals.
21:10 Now We have revealed unto you a Scripture wherein is your Reminder. Have ye then no sense ?
21:11 How many a community that dealt unjustly have We shattered, and raised up after them another folk!
21:12 And, when they felt Our might, behold them fleeing from it!
21:13 (But it was said unto them): Flee not, but return to that (existence) which emasculated you and to your dwellings, that ye may be questioned.
21:14 They cried: Alas for us! we were wrong-doers.
21:15 And this their crying ceased not till We made them as reaped corn, extinct.
The people cried out for mercy, but Allah killed them anyway.
21:16 We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them in play.
21:17 If We had wished to find a pastime, We could have found it in Our presence - if We ever did.
21:18 Nay, but We hurl the true against the false, and it doth break its head and lo! it vanisheth. And yours will be woe for that which ye ascribe (unto Him).
21:19 Unto Him belongeth whosoever is in the heavens and the earth. And those who dwell in His presence are not too proud to worship Him, nor do they weary;
21:20 They glorify (Him) night and day; they flag not.
21:21 Or have they chosen gods from the earth who raise the dead ?
21:22 If there were therein gods beside Allah, then verily both (the heavens and the earth) had been disordered. Glorified be Allah, the Lord of the Throne, from all that they ascribe (unto Him).
21:23 He will not be questioned as to that which He doeth, but they will be questioned.
21:24 Or have they chosen other gods beside Him ? say: Bring your proof (of their godhead). This is the Reminder of those with me and those before me, but most of them know not the Truth and so they are averse.
21:25 And We sent no messenger before thee but We inspired him, (saying): There is no God save Me (Allah), so worship Me.
21:26 And they say: The Beneficent hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He Glorified! Nay, but (those whom they call sons) are honoured slaves;
21:27 They speak not until He hath spoken, and they act by His command.
21:28 He knoweth what is before them and what is behind them, and they cannot intercede except for him whom He accepteth, and they quake for awe of Him.
21:29 And one of them who should say: Lo! I am a god beside Him, that one We should repay with hell. Thus We Repay wrong-doers.
"And one of them who should say: Lo! I am a god beside Him, that one We should repay with hell."
Hell in the Quran

(21:30)
"The heavens and the earth were of one piece, then We parted them."
The sun, stars, and earth were joined together until Allah separated them (about six thousand years ago).

21:30 Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were of one piece, then We parted them, and we made every living thing of water ? Will they not then believe ?
21:31 And We have placed in the earth firm hills lest it quake with them, and We have placed therein ravines as roads that haply they may find their way.
21:32 And we have made the sky a roof withheld (from them). Yet they turn away from its portents.
21:33 And He it is Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. They float, each in an orbit. (21:33) "The sun and the moon ... float, each in an orbit."
The sun "floats" in an orbit around the earth.
21:34 We appointed immortality for no mortal before thee. What! if thou diest, can they be immortal!
21:35 Every soul must taste of death, and We try you with evil and with good, for ordeal. And unto Us ye will be returned.
21:36 And when those who disbelieve behold thee, they but choose thee out for mockery, (saying): Is this he who maketh mention of your gods ? And they would deny all mention of the Beneficent.
21:37 Man is made of haste. I shall show you My portents, but ask Me not to hasten.
21:38 And they say: When will this promise (be fulfilled), if ye are truthful ?
21:39 If those who disbelieved but knew the time when they will not be able to drive off the fire from their faces and from their backs, and they will not be helped! Disbelievers will not be able to put out the fire on their faces and backs. They will be stupefied and no one will help them.
The Fire
21:40 Nay, but it will come upon them unawares so that it will stupefy them, and they will be unable to repel it, neither will they be reprieved.
21:41 Messengers before thee, indeed, were mocked, but that whereat they mocked surrounded those who scoffed at them.
21:42 Say: Who guardeth you in the night or in the day from the Beneficent ? Nay, but they turn away from mention of their Lord!
21:43 Or have they gods who can shield them from Us ? They cannot help themselves nor can they be defended from Us.
21:44 Nay, but We gave these and their fathers ease until life grew long for them. See they not how we aim to the land, reducing it of its outlying parts ? Can they then be the victors ?
21:45 Say (O Muhammad, unto mankind): I warn you only by the Inspiration. But the deaf hear not the call when they are warned.
21:46 And if a breath of thy Lord's punishment were to touch them, they assuredly would say: Alas for us! Lo! we were wrong-doers.
21:47 And We set a just balance for the Day of Resurrection so that no soul is wronged in aught. Though it be of the weight of a grain of mustard seed, We bring it. And We suffice for reckoners.
21:48 And We verily gave Moses and Aaron the Criterion (of right and wrong) and a light and a Reminder for those who keep from evil,
21:49 Those who fear their Lord in secret and who dread the Hour (of doom).
"Fear the Lord ... and dread the Hour of doom."
Doom in the Quran
For disbelievers a painful doom
21:50 This is a blessed Reminder that we have revealed: Will ye then reject it ?
21:51 And We verily gave Abraham of old his proper course, and We were Aware of him,
21:52 When he said unto his father and his folk: What are these images unto which ye pay devotion ? (21:52-54)
These verses are sometimes interpreted to mean that images of Allah, Muhammad, and the other prophets are forbidden.
21:53 They said: We found our fathers worshippers of them.
21:54 He said: Verily ye and your fathers were in plain error.
21:55 They said: Bringest thou unto us the truth, or art thou some jester ?
21:56 He said: Nay, but your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, Who created them; and I am of those who testify unto that.
21:57 And, by Allah, I shall circumvent your idols after ye have gone away and turned your backs.
21:58 Then he reduced them to fragments, all save the chief of them, that haply they might have recourse to it.
21:59 They said: Who hath done this to our gods ? Surely it must be some evil- doer.
21:60 They said: We heard a youth make mention of them, who is called Abraham.
21:61 They said: Then bring him (hither) before the people's eyes that they may testify.
21:62 They said: Is it thou who hast done this to our gods, O Abraham ?
21:63 He said: But this, their chief hath done it. So question them, if they can speak.
21:64 Then gathered they apart and said: Lo! ye yourselves are the wrong-doers.
21:65 And they were utterly confounded, and they said: Well thou knowest that these speak not.
21:66 He said: Worship ye then instead of Allah that which cannot profit you at all, nor harm you ?
21:67 Fie on you and all that ye worship instead of Allah! Have ye then no sense ?
21:68 They cried: Burn him and stand by your gods, if ye will be doing.
21:69 We said: O fire, be coolness and peace for Abraham,
21:70 And they wished to set a snare for him, but We made them the greater losers.
21:71 And We rescued him and Lot (and brought them) to the land which We have blessed for (all) peoples.
21:72 And We bestowed upon him Isaac, and Jacob as a grandson. Each of them We made righteous.
21:73 And We made them chiefs who guide by Our command, and We inspired in them the doing of good deeds and the right establishment of worship and the giving of alms, and they were worshippers of Us (alone).
21:74 And unto Lot we gave judgment and knowledge, and We delivered him from the community that did abominations. Lo! they were folk of evil, lewd.
21:75 And We brought him in unto Our mercy. Lo! he was of the righteous. Allah gave judgment and knowledge to Lot. He was a righteous man. (Genesis 19:7-38)
21:76 And Noah, when he cried of old, We heard his prayer and saved him and his household from the great affliction. Did one of Noah's sons die in the flood?
21:77 And delivered him from the people who denied Our revelations. Lo! they were folk of evil, therefor did We drown them all. Every person alive at the time of the flood was evil. So Allah drowned them all.
21:78 And David and Solomon, when they gave judgment concerning the field, when people's sheep had strayed and browsed therein by night; and We were witnesses to their judgment.
21:79 And We made Solomon to understand (the case); and unto each of them We gave judgment and knowledge. And we subdued the hills and the birds to hymn (His) praise along with David. We were the doers (thereof).
21:80 And We taught him the art of making garments (of mail) to protect you in your daring. Are ye then thankful ?
21:81 And unto Solomon (We subdued) the wind in its raging. It set by his command toward the land which We had blessed. And of everything We are Aware.
21:82 And of the evil ones (subdued We unto him) some who dived (for pearls) for him and did other work, and We were warders unto them.
21:83 And Job, when he cried unto his Lord, (saying): Lo! adversity afflicteth me, and Thou art Most Merciful of all who show mercy.
21:84 Then We heard his prayer and removed that adversity from which he suffered, and We gave him his household (that he had lost) and the like thereof along with them, a mercy from Our store, and a remembrance for the worshippers;
21:85 And (mention) Ishmael, and Idris, and Dhu'l-Kifl. All were of the steadfast. (21:85) "Idris, and Dhu'l-Kifl. All were of the steadfast."
No one knows who these steadfast guys (Idris and Dhu'l-Kifl)were supposed to be.
21:86 And We brought them in unto Our mercy. Lo! they are among the righteous.
21:87 And (mention) Dhu'n-Nun, when he went off in anger and deemed that We had no power over him, but he cried out in the darkness, saying: There is no God save Thee. Be Thou Glorified! Lo! I have been a wrong-doer.
21:88 Then we heard his prayer and saved him from the anguish. Thus we save believers.
21:89 And Zachariah, when he cried unto his Lord: My Lord! Leave me not childless, though Thou art the Best of inheritors.
21:90 Then We heard his prayer, and bestowed upon him John, and adjusted his wife (to bear a child) for him. Lo! they used to vie one with the other in good deeds, and they cried unto Us in longing and in fear, and were submissive unto Us.
21:91 And she who was chaste, therefor We breathed into her (something) of Our Spirit and made her and her son a token for (all) peoples.
21:92 Lo! this, your religion, is one religion, and I am your Lord, so worship Me.
21:93 And they have broken their religion (into fragments) among them, (yet) all are returning unto Us.
21:94 Then whoso doeth some good works and is a believer, there will be no rejection of his effort. Lo! We record (it) for him.
21:95 And there is a ban upon any community which We have destroyed: that they shall not return.
21:96 Until, when Gog and Magog are let loose, and they hasten out of every mound,
21:97 And the True Promise draweth nigh; then behold them, staring wide (in terror), the eyes of those who disbelieve! (They say): Alas for us! We (lived) in forgetfulness of this. Ah, but we were wrong-doers! The disbelievers will stare in terror at what Allah has in store for them.
Hell in the Quran
21:98 Lo! ye (idolaters) and that which ye worship beside Allah are fuel of hell. Thereunto ye will come.
21:99 If these had been gods they would not have come thither, but all will abide therein.
21:100 Therein wailing is their portion, and therein they hear not.
21:101 Lo! those unto whom kindness hath gone forth before from Us, they will be far removed from thence.
21:102 They will not hear the slightest sound thereof, while they abide in that which their souls desire.
21:103 The Supreme Horror will not grieve them, and the angels will welcome them, (saying): This is your Day which ye were promised;
21:104 The Day when We shall roll up the heavens as a recorder rolleth up a written scroll. As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it. (It is) a promise (binding) upon Us. Lo! We are to perform it.
21:105 And verily we have written in the Scripture, after the Reminder: My righteous slaves will inherit the earth:
21:106 Lo! there is a plain statement for folk who are devout.
21:107 We sent thee not save as a mercy for the peoples.
21:108 Say: It is only inspired in me that your God is One God. Will ye then surrender (unto Him) ?
21:109 But if they are averse, then say: I have warned you all alike, although I know not whether nigh or far is that which ye are promised.
21:110 Lo! He knoweth that which is said openly, and that which ye conceal.
21:111 And I know not but that this may be a trial for you, and enjoyment for a while.
21:112 He saith: My Lord! Judge Thou with truth. Our Lord is the Beneficent, Whose help is to be implored against that which ye ascribe (unto Him).

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Dwindling in Unbelief
Things on which the Bible and Quran agree (21:71-5)
The Bible and Quran agree: Lot was a just and righteous man (21:74-75)